Africa Top 10 Problems: Not the ones You were thinking about!

africa-faceAfrica is not poor. Africa is a rich continent inhabited by poor people. Once we fix the people problem, everything else will fall into place.

In this post, I share what I consider to be the top 10 problems affecting the people ability to fix themselves and subsequently take control of their destiny.

1. The Poverty Porn

Humanitarian organization like UNICEF, Doctors without Borders, and alike have done more damage to Africa than the marginal positive impact they supposedly have had.

kevin-carter-photowork-5

In order to raise money for their operations, they have engaged into a “poverty porn” depicting Africa with the most degrading, and humiliating images. African people dignity is not something they cared about. The huge billboard and magazines photos showing Africa at its worst now fill the mind of billions of people around the world, and unfortunately those people can’t help but think about Africa only trough those images. (In the same time, those medias won’t show the photo of a dead American or English soldier, because it’s shocking and doesn’t respect human dignity)

underwear-for-africa-april-09
Underwear-for-africa

The worst consequence of this “free publicity”  is the way it has deeply impacted Africans self-perception and self-image.

For example, It’s common in France for African immigrants who are having problems with their teenagers to threat them “If you’ll continue to behave that way, you’ll be sent back to Africa”, meaning “We will send you to the hell you have seen on TV or in the Newspaper”.

The “Poverty porn” of the NGOs, the humanitarian organizations, and Western medias is the problem number one because it sabotages Africans self-image, weakens their sell-confidence and resolve, and contributed hugely to the hate and racism Africans face all over the world.

Black-Racism-Sweden-cake
Swedish minister in ‘racist cake’

 

2. International Aid

If foreign aid would develop any place, Africa will be the most developed continent in the world.

5-Stars-Colonization

International AID is now doing more harm to Africa than good. It became the main tool used by foreign governments and organizations to corrupt the African elite, and get them to behave so irrationally toward their own populations and the basic interest of their countries.

Aside corruption and the criminality, International Aid is the root of the 5 Stars colonization disease that cripple the African elite which dislike the responsibility and the self sacrifice that comes with being in control of a nation destiny. As far as they enjoyed the status offered by their positions, they never liked the responsibilities demanded by the jobs, therefore they use international aid programs as substitute to their responsibilities.

If Africa needs any aid, the most urgent one is to get rid of the 40 billions corruption industry (called International Aid) that shackles its youth and elite, cultivates and maintains the beggar mentality.

ukaid-in-Africa-villages

How would you develop any country when the dream of  the majority  of its youth and elite is not entrepreneurship, innovation, education and self-sufficiency, but the dream to have a job with a humanitarian organization or to get their project financed by some International aid Agency or proxy.

 

3. International Medias

A friend of mine recently told me that the “Global Lying System” (referring to the western medias covering African news) is one of the biggest threat to peace and development in Africa. African tribes are created in London, Brussels and Paris by journalists. 

BBC-Lies-hour

The colonial heritage of those journalists (unless they are instructed to do so) makes them to  see Africa only as a collection of tribes and focus their coverage on what they call as tribal issues. They create new realities like “People from the North” compared to “people from the South” or “people from the West”. They invent new divisions with creative imagination, like the Belgians falsely created the “Tutsi” and “Hutu” tribes in Rwanda which ultimately lead to the genocide in 1994.

The western medias seems to follow an agenda of further dividing African nations and populations  with their constant framing of Africa through fight between tribes, religions, geography, etc. This must stop before African could unite to fight their way out.

The influence of western medias in Africa is very negative, and could be considered as part of Africa problems.

The second most negative effect of the western medias in Africa is that they tend to focus their attention on what the Europeans or the White people are doing in Africa or for Africa, and how they are saving Africa, therefore continuing to create the false impression that Africa is a hopeless place with lazy people that could be saved only by the white man.

Madonna in Malawi

What you often see is a white man helping African or an outsider making change in Africa. That’s bad, and perpetuate the feeling that Africans are incapable to solve their problem by themselves, and reinforce in the mind of the young people and generation “the white man as a savior” mentality. Very Bad!

Panel of experts on Africa development
Panel of experts on Africa development – Africa Without Africans

 

4. The Colonial Borders

The current African countries borders are nonsenses. A study done in the years 70s showed that African nations had less trade between themselves than before colonization (How Europe Underdeveloped Africa).  The situation has not change much since then.

Colonial-Africa

There is no immediate solution, but initiative like the African passport or Visa would greatly improve the movement of people and increase the potential of intellectual and commercial exchanges.

5. Ignorance of the Books of Machiavelli, Hegel & Darwinism

The western elite that currently rules the world has 3 majors intellectuals influences: Machiavelli (How to rule over people with cynicism and deception), Hegel (using the Hegelian dialectic of history they consider the western civilization as the end of history) and Darwin (the Survival belongs to the fittest, therefore the white race should stay at the top and rule over other races).

You-are-with-us-or-against-us

Anyone who wants to understand the intellectual principles that are shaping our current world, should deeply understand the above 3 authors and their influence on the western elite.

Maya Angelou always advise the African-American elite to read The prince of Machiavelli, because, she said, without a proper understanding of this book, you won’t understand the western elite. The Prince is their bedside book. it contains the main principle all imperialist applies: “If you want to control the people, separate the people and you can rule them. Divide them and you can conquer them.”

Posted @ QUOTEZ.CO

The ignorance by the African elite of the principles by which the western Elite think and act is a major cause of their permanent naivete  and incompetency.

 

6. The Rich Subaltern Mentality

There are two kinds of people in Africa, those who can’t make a living regardless of how much they put in, and those with lavish lifestyle and privileges regardless of how little they contribute.

The first group is made of those who has not contact with “white” people, and the second is made of people who has contact with “white” people.

If you live in Africa or know some African people, make a list of 10 people you know or have heard about who have a “good life” and social privileges. You’ll quickly find out that 90% those who have a good life are people who work for the “white” or with the “white”. They serve foreign-owned or controlled companies,  organizations or foreign NGOs in Africa. They have big houses, nice cars, home servants, and enjoy high social status and privileges.

I call those the “Rich subalterns” or the “Selected subalterns”.  (“White” in Africa is used for “European”, “Chinese”, “Lebanese”, “American”, etc. In the context of this article it could be easily replaced by “foreigners”.)

What is the problem?

The problem is that you can’t develop a country or continent where the majority of people who have the potential to become leaders are raised to be “good subalterns” to be successful.

Rich-subalterns

Young people aspire to emulate the most successful models in their society, and now the only visible and tangible model available is the rich subaltern model.

There will be no problem with the rich subaltern model if this group of population was not made mainly with “non-productive” people working in middle management position. Middle managers in office don’t create companies, they don’t create value, they don’t create jobs, they don’t invent, innovate or act in leadership position with the power to change things.

 

7. Lack of Domestic Leadership Education

Africa is not poor, Africa has a leadership problem. For any society to prosper it should have a endogenous system of identifying, training and coaching its future leaders. Some countries do it through their military services, some do it through elite schools, and some others do it through informal coaching and assistance organizations or secret societies.

Solomon

The main issue about Africa leadership is not the quality of its individuals, but the quality of the group of individuals. Individually there are lot of brilliant people, but collectively they fail to work together harmoniously on long term vision, and commit with integrity and loyalty to their country or long term vision.

The reason behind this failure is that most the so called leaders are trained outside their country and context, by people who has no knowledge of the context in which their leadership skills would apply. Additionally, the heterogeneity of the systems in which they have trained make it difficult to make them work well together.

Ennemi-within

Domestic leadership education systems and programs that raises in the same place and context for a long period of time a whole generation of new leaders is the way to go.

 

8. Lack of Science & Engineering Education

A study done few years ago at the Stanford University (I’m struggling to find my source) demonstrated how colonial powers tend to drastically reduce the study of science and engineering in the countries they have occupied. They would favor literature and subaltern studies that would make the graduates just good enough to assist them in running the colonies or the occupied countries.

BinaryCode

Results, Africa has a lot of “talkers”, people with oratory prowess. Now, We don’t need more of those lawyers, sociologists, philosophers, but more scientists and engineers.

 

9. Lack of International Intelligence network

Africa knowledge of the world is very limited. I’d agree that most of my fellow Africans have very little idea of the world they are living in, specially the forces and trends that are shaping it.

intelligence-wisdom-and-education

This lack of intelligence is bad, because it leaves the continent unaware of events and shifts that could affect it.

 

10. The Crab Mentality

If you put several crabs into a bucket, and if one of them begins to crawl out, one or more of the other crabs will put it back down and prevent its escape. It’s called Crab Mentality.

 

This is a good metaphor for us as Africans to Unite and create strong networks that support each other, while avoiding the Judas goats.

Judas-goat
Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

About Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

Mawuna Koutonin is a world peace activist who relentlessly works to empower people to express their full potential and pursue their dreams, regardless of their background. He is the Editior of SiliconAfrica.com, Founder of Goodbuzz.net, and Social activist for Africa Renaissance. Koutonin’s ultimate dream is to open a world-class human potential development school in Africa in 2017. If you are interested in learning more about this venture or Koutonin’s other projects, you can reach him directly by emailing at mk@linkcrafter.com.

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114 Responses to “Africa Top 10 Problems: Not the ones You were thinking about!”

  1. Dr Florent Pumu

    Dear Mawuna

    I like you Africa Top 10 problems… Can you send it to my e-mail. Do you mind me putting a link to out web? I really like it
    Dr N F Pumu

    Reply
  2. David Okwii

    Mawuna,
    I largely disagree with the most part of the article as it blames the white man for most of our problems. What i agree with, is where you focus on the problem within in point 7 “Africa is not poor, Africa has a leadership problem.” and point 10 about the “crab mentality”.

    Am also looking forward to African who don’t just whine about their problems, but those with solutions especially when it’s within your means to provide. For instance the question of bad media coverage of the African continent. With today’s cheap and world-wide media platforms on the internet, no African should whine about this problem as it’s within their ability to start up blogs, social media channels and rewrite the African story. Now am glad that you with this blog is already doing that and hence should encourage more Africans to swing into actions. We are the TechPost(www.techpost.ug) are passionate about retelling the world about innovations in the African continent as with time, the bad image of children starving, HIV/AIDS, civil wars, dictatorial regimes will forever be washed off the western mindsets.

    Reply
    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      hey, David
      Thanks for your comment. I understand your point of view, and I also think that we need to unite and work together to solve our problems.
      You might not understand now some of the ideas expressed here, but believe me they are not made up.
      Neither Paranoia nor Naivete are perfect solutions, but as the saying go, ONLY the paranoid survive!

      Reply
  3. Owaahh

    Like David Okwii up there, I largely disagree with where the article directs the locus of responsibility. Why do we expect the West or China, or any conquering power, to be good to us? Machiavellian politics should tell us that they are predatory, as any conquering power should be. The west has used soft power to drive what Nkrumah called ‘neocolonialism’ while China is using a new form of economic subjugation. My point is, while I get the gist of this list, I feel that it largely regurgitates most of what we already know. Should we attempt to conquer our own states, or build a regional body, or conquer the world? The answer is complex, and now, with this ‘Africa is the future’ blackmail, the tide is coming…

    On another point Okwii raised, I also think we need to suck it up and begin to rewrite our history instead of regurgitating what the colonial government and later apologists fed us. We need to take control, actively, and not just in economics or education.

    Reply
    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      Like David, your thinking is too much self-centered. You see how capable you are, and you project that into all other people, and assert that because you can then all other people could.
      You just can’t image how many people are damaged by the white supremacist propaganda.
      Remember you can’t go that far alone. If you want to discover the system I’m talking about, here are 4 challenges for you:
      – Apply to run any company or organization of more than 100 people.
      – Try to raise 50K dollars to finance a project or company
      – Ask 10 friends to contribute to Wikipedia to write about your country history and even your village
      – Try to spread a message to reach more than 1000 people in you country
      When you’ll undertake any of the above challenge, you’ll have a glimpse of the system I’m talking about. Disagreeing or Talking about potentiality only wouldn’t help us.
      There is an elephant in the room. You can’t see it because you are too small.
      I hope you understand.

      Reply
  4. Owaahh

    …I wish I could say I do, but it is this mentality that the world owes us any more than we are willing to take that is slowing us down. First, your list assumes that Africa is homogenous, and is underlied by the ‘we have boobs now’ mentality that has led us to lobby for the seat of St. Peter, and other ‘global positions.’ I will give you an example, countries such as Brazil and China are not just different economically, they have also set out to build their own global position. The idea for a BRICS development bank is meant to create a tier between Breton Woods institutions and Africa, replace one master for another…and we must remember that very few conquering powers have done so without the few in the vanquished who sell out early. That is what we’ve done, we now believe that we must be validated by the West to be complete. Another example is whether capitalism is good for Africa, or whether our inherent ‘gift culture’ is at loggerheads with our ‘fight against corruption.’
    If I was to take you up on that process you outlined above, I would be building on a Western platform, would I not? Because that is our main problem. All our innovation, and I am Kenyan, including the famous MPESA is not exactly innovation but a short-term solution to a long-term problem. On engineering and such, we are not even innovating, we are trying to start where other countries were in the 19th century, examples being the Zambia Space program [which was a total joke] and the guy who tried to fabricate a helicopter the other day.

    Reply
  5. Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

    I’m sorry to say that you are more qualified to have merely informed discussion with friends in a bar than commenting on the subject above, that arguably you still don’t understand.
    You trow out lot ideas, in so many directions that it’ll be hard to have any substantial discussion here.
    Like you can’t explain orgasm to a virgin, I’m not sure I can help. You just don’t understand, and maybe can’t understand.

    What is you current occupation?

    Reply
  6. Justino

    Mawuna: you assume that you hold all truth and knowledge and don’t seem open to debate at all? That reeks of the same arrogance and cynicism which you say is the root of most of Africa’s problems.

    Reply
    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      @Justino You can NOT debate opinions. Only Facts could be debated.
      When a person says “I disagree” then go on to prove his point of view by a list of additional opinions, you can’t debate under those circumstances. You do that in a hair saloon or a bar with
      Opinions should be supported by facts, data or knowledge.

      Because someone can listen to BBC News and repeat the headlines in a conversation, doesn’t make him or her an informed or a knowledgeable person. Additionally, there no sanity in a conversation when people start to trow a bunch of opinions out and in many directions in the same sentence. That leads to cacophony.

      Clarity of mind is the basic of knowledge.

      Image a room with a big elephant. Now imagine a kid in the room whose head could barely touch the belly of the elephant. Then, imagine an adult in the same room who could see the whole elephant. Ask the kid if there is an elephant in the room, he will reply NO, but strongly claim that if there an elephant at all, that elephant constitutes the 4 pillars of the world. Now ask the Adult about the elephant, and he would reply he can’t live with that elephant in the room.

      I don’t know where you stand in that story, but it’ll shape your worldview and opinion.

      Reply
  7. Anonymous

    Mawuna. I agree with your post number (8). The tasks you outlined are perfect for anyone to fully understand the depth of your post. I’m African, married to a Caucasian, an inventor, entrepreneur and technologist trained and lived on 3 continents. Europe, America and Africa.

    Some people can’t appreciate your post until they try to move out of their immediate salary comfort zone and do something big that could help Africans. You will be pulled back by not just the west, but by Africans themselves. The Crab mentality is real and the reason is simple.
    Overall, I believe that the lingering effect of all these is telling on our intelligence collectively. Without exposure, education, experience, people don’t tend to be seen as intelligent and if you are deemed not to be, the circle continues. There is only one Albert Einstein and Thomas Edison. See what the west has made out of that. We don’t get that in Africa (We are not smart enough to recognize it) due to the crab mentality. Enough said

    Reply
  8. mark

    whoever makes the colonial boarders map got it completely wrong when it comes to Ethiopia. Ethiopia draw its own boarders as well as Eritreans – Menelik was stupid enough to let the Eritrean boarder to Italians.

    In addition to this, most business in Ethiopia owned by Ethiopians. Most successful businessmen at Merkato don’t have any affiliations with white-men. But i strongly agree with most of the points you raised.

    Reply
  9. Farrelly57

    An article that says everyone is to blame except the Africans themselves? Perhaps that’s all that needs to change.

    Reply
  10. arthur pendragon

    Interesting, and not unfamiliar. I was a student at UCLA and we volunteered on the weekends to drive cars to Mexico for people to paint. I had a lot of fun. It was organized by a Columbian who felt as this article. We also brought food clothing and medicine. Really I am white and by comparison rich, but not like a professional corporation.
    So poverty exists for now.

    Reply
  11. Meriawee

    Mawuna:
    I agree with your post number 10 (the crab mentality). I thought it was particularly Ethiopian problem. Thank you I understand that Ethiopia is no different than other African countries. Experience, education and knowledge is the only solution for our society to come out of this problem.

    Reply
  12. Christopher Omoding

    This is a very informative article. I wish our leaders could read it and act on the recommendations mentioned therein. No other person can help Africa get out of poverty except Africans themselves. Look at China. It is their own hard work and visionary leadership that have contributed to their success story, not support from IMF or the World Bank or any other Western influence. Africa needs to learn from the Chinese. We need to wake up! Africa, please wake up!

    Reply
  13. Angela

    I am a Kenyan who totally agrees with all your views. I would have shared this article on my blogs and other networks I am part of but you have so many grammatical and syntax errors not to mention there is no standford university.I do not mind editing the entire article for you as I feel everybody needs to read this, including those who think we are not smart and cannot write well.

    Reply
    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      Thanks for your comment. English is not my native language and I still struggle to speak and write it correctly. Shame on me.
      I’m doing my best to improve but it’s taking so much time.
      Feel free to suggest.
      Mawuna

      Reply
  14. Hanifah

    I have grown up in America but my paternal lineage extends from East Africa, Uganda.. Aside from that tidbit–From one writer to another–This article was beautifully written, organized and paced. It was genuinely delivered and the vibe was felt as well as the facts clearly stated. Miss lady above could have saved her smug grammar comment–on top of that– the gall– assuming you cosign her credibility to even commit to revising your article.. Rubbish! People need not project their own insecurities on others– it is a source of much confusion! Beside that– I just found this blog and I will be checking in to see what other insight you have to present! Again– Thank you for what you are contributing!

    Reply
  15. Paul

    Mawuna, you take a strong position and have publicly put forward an alternative intellectual discourse to which I thank you. I am from Australia and as such we are subjected to the type of media you have mentioned, which to me has the aim of advertising, and reinforcing to westerners, capitalism as both an answer and a preventative. I myself, being architect, will be visiting Uganda to work on a project and we have been strongly advised to design free from the mindset of ‘the west is best’. Your comments have proved most helpful for my research and preparation to your continent.

    Reply
  16. Jackson

    Mawuna,

    Thank you for posting this article. It gives great insights about your perspective on how Africans feel about outside help.

    I want to discuss something with you. As an American citizen, I strongly disagree with a lot of the things that my government and the big corporations do to exploit other countries. Though a lot of what you say is on point, not all white people in America want to exploit and enslave the people of Africa. I myself am very passionate about helping others, and want to do whatever I can to help the people of Africa rise up and be free to enjoy a life of dignity.

    From what you are saying, it sounds to me like you want outsiders like me to just leave you alone and not do anything. If this is what you believe is best, this is what I can do. But know that when I try to help, it does not come from a place of thinking I am superior to anyone else. It comes from a place of love and responsibility to use what I’ve been blessed with to help others who have not had the opportunities I have – the same way I hope they would do if the positions were reversed.

    Let me know what you think is best. Thank you.

    Reply
    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      Hi, Jackson
      I strongly believe we are the same humanity, and like the plant and flowers, colored differently by location and conditions to survive and thrive.
      I’ve met numerous people around the world that understand that basic principle and live by it. Unfortunately, the politics and a bunch of psychopaths have seized the world bureaucracy and economy and are successfully changing the fragile life on earth into a hell for the huge majority.
      Without trust there is nothing possible, so I believe trust should be first given and then tested. Once gained, bonds are stronger.
      Africa is the homeland of all races and cultures. They all started from here, and they are welcome back.
      Please, let’s me know in which field you want to contribute in Africa, and I might put you in touch with people I know or welcome you in my personal endeavor.
      Enjoy your day!
      Mawuna

      Reply
    • Ndifor

      Hi Jackson. Read your comments and hope your input can be if some help. can reach anytime.

      Reply
  17. Sylvester Boyd

    This is for all Africans reading this with a desire to move it forward, you need a dependable power base to accomplish your desire to provide for the needs of the people, that power base is renewable energy, especially SOLAR. It’s clean, renewable and it is recyclable. The African countries that institutes renewable energy will have the first and strongest element of control of the destinies…

    Reply
  18. Nomsa Khanyile

    I read the article – so true. Interestingly I was chatting to one of my cousins who is studying at Wits and she told me one her lecturers said that "Slavery wouldn't have happened without the participation of the Africans"! I'm still flabegasted that someone would say that – this is like someone saying that rape wouldn't happen without the participation of the victim! Yeah we need to stand up and raise Africa

    Reply
  19. Africa

    Oh, my god!!! If only the African leaders had your way of thinking or a whiff of such thought; the whole continent of Africa would be a better place.

    Reply
  20. Anonymous

    Big up bro! but it pains a lot since selfishness is among our leaders ideology, They have bounded with thy eyez with the western.This is the only generation to change

    Reply
  21. Eric Nicolas Schneider

    Love it. (“White” in Africa is used for “European”, “Chinese”, “Lebanese”, “American”, etc. In the context of this article it could be easily replaced by “foreigners”.) But why then for this African Empowerment article using WHITE wisdom (Solomon is as white and foreign as the Lebanese) and why quote JUDAS and by the way any-thing Christian – which is deeply "white" since Lebanese are "white". So, rock it, go the whole way and support a thriving African traditional sacred traditional culture. (un-su-re whether the african intellectuals and *talkers* composing texts as the above will promote and can manifest this step ;-) ) Bec if u look at the history of empire, from rome to usa and totalitarian soviet communism, the first thing to do is kill people's spirit, and where this is reanimated, the negative aspects of depression, alcoholism, domestic abuse etc DISAPPEAR … in the "foreign" cultures (so I guess australian aboriginal, NZ maori, native americans, are also white and foreign) as well as communities in Africa. Black Africa, not the white northern Africa which is pretty much like the Lebanese. Wow, a bunch of still shakey imagery in the above construct. Once it grows beyond teen-age years in its thinking to holistic grown up imagery and terms, it will be a good article and message. This will include more concrete stuff (not just "talking"!!) about needs for tech and entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship (and trade if a return to more trade than before colonization is wanted, as highlighted in the text) but con-cre-te examples of the *solutions *wanted in the above article. Because those solutions already exist in Africa, but as usual journalists know little about them, and how to cract works that facilitate positive change. Bec journalists are only talkers. It would make sense to upgrade to being a changemaker also. However, some sacred traditional character may help overcome the differentiation of people by skin pigments but see their SPIRIT, and thereby open to global horizons and the incredible amount of solutions happening in all sorts of environments by people facing the same model of issues as communities in Africa. But of course, all those are foreign, – like the evil white guy who started farmradio in africa, for farmer produced shows about self empowerment. Or hans herren, who works with farmers knowledge sharing networks and are creating 10x harvests in traditional organic ways. why? well, bec some of the spirits walking the earth in white pigment skins right now might have walked it in black pigment skins in their past life – as the sacred traditions well in touch and communication with the ancestors *know. whereas the uprooted intellectuals of today have lost all that wisdom and bigger picture, and replicate the problems of ego and empire, and have no concrete solutions to propose. just like the "opinion piece" journalism in the NYT is oh so smart and offers zero solutions, while thousands and thousands exist, in well accessible global networks that meet in spirit, not skin colour. that's *so outdated. They have overcome the teen-age identity crisis, and stepped into just being and rocking. good luck. also because they have seen this kind of analysis since the Sixties!!! That's 50 years ago. And a lot has happened since. For those in the avantgarde fields of innovation. And well connected to their spiritual – sacred – roots and practice.

    Reply
  22. Amarildo Lisboa

    Nomsa Khanyile, it is the naked truth. White folks did not venture into the wilderness, to catch slaves as a matter of fact they were petrified to venture deep into the wilderness because they were stories of cannibalism. White folks where also very aware of the yellow fever, that killed them even in the coast where they used to park the boats. That's why the golden coast was called white men's grave. Black folks used to raid villages, and imprison other black folks and in turn would sell the same brothers to the white folks that were waiting on the coast to exchange those slaves, with weapons, sugar, rum, etc….

    Reply
  23. Nasser Ugoji

    There’s nothing like Western Empire or Civilisation there is the human empire or civilisation and its your heritage too, don’t isolate yourself from what our Global ancestors gave their lives for.

    Guess what, most whites don’t believe they belong to any race so why should you believe you belong to a black race you are just a human being with a chaotic history that can’t be simplified into black and white.

    Northern Europeans were not the direct descendants of the Greek, Mesopotamians or Egyptians, yet under the code word Western Civilisation they claim these people as their ancestors.

    Human cultural civilisation is your heritage. If a North European can claim an Athenian as his predecessor just for the idea of Western Civilisation, if an Englishmann can claim to be an adopted son of Abraham just to be worthy to preach that he is chosen over you then Christianity can be your inheritance just as Western Civilisation can be your inheritance.

    There are cities all over the world, there are states, nations, countries. African forefathers collaborated with European, Lebanese, Indian, Arabian, … forefathers. They gave their lives in bringing forth the society and civilisation we have today, which is a human civilisation. Their labours will not be in vain if you carry on where they have left off.

    The white man can’t save you he has issues of his own like how to maintain a high standard of living. You can survive on $2 a day, who is more efficient, who needs who, I’ll say he needs to know your secret for living on $2 a day, staying healthy, smiling happily, growing in population, eating rich organic food, that costs next to nothing . Go try getting any elaborate meal in a restaurant in Europe, you guessed, it just ain’t worth what they put into it.

    Our forefathers embraced peaceful Christian missionaries and traders who merged cultures. That is an example of civilisation an example of human civilisation.

    So called whites are adopting the ways of countless traditional cultures in African and Asia.

    For centuries African American musicians have been developing world music in the form of Jazz, blues, rhythm and blues, rap, rock and roll, house exporting it to the rest of the world inspiring local artists who then transformed the music i their own way. This gives them a right to claim to be contributors to human civilisation and western civlisation as we know it today.

    If you check every time civilisation moved forward, there was peace and stability, reason and inellectual freedom, culture and the Arts. You have all it takes in your tradition to teach the world how to produce original concepts.

    Neither should you think you have the monopoly on culture and tradition. Even in Europe and America you have traditional cultures, traditional dresses, traditional music, traditional artefacts and traditional stories. These are traditions just as old as African traditions and also just as recent as some of our recent African traditions.

    Tradition has been evolving and even now we are creating traditional cultures.

    The time of claiming that Africans culture is traditional is over. Don’t let anyone send you back into the middle ages when the portuguese first made contact with West Africans simply because you are trying to isolate your culture by inventing a new culture, starting from scratch.

    Reply
    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      Thanks for your contribution, and great insight.

      how do you explain then pervasive racisme against black people all over the world? is that an illusion?
      how do you explain slavery and continued colonization?
      are those just accident env tough we all belong to some kind all harmonious universal civilization?

      Reply
  24. Nasser Ugoi

    Racism is perceived. We have come a long way from institutional racism.

    Progress, success and development is perceived. It is not only large monolithic buildings and latest technological devices that indicate advancement. But if you can guarantee peace, stability and freedom for a long time in your nation new cultures will form to help the people cope with the realities of life.

    In any successful venture you get the best deal by being able to negotiate and this depends at what point you are in the actualization of an idea. If you are at the conception, the dawn of the implementation of the idea you have the privilege of being an “Executive Officer” which is what the white man was in the era of colonialism.

    People have tried to isolate the negro saying he is not related to any other group and had never had contact with great civilizations and yet when they notice any complex achievement by him they attribute it to influences from abroad. Yet I think deep down they have known that the blackman is an excellent human being hence the high demand placed on him and the blackwoman as a slave, servant or nurturer of children. It is just that the black man is the poorest negotiatior, this may be because of the simple civilization he practices. He is not given to overwhelming greed.

    The black man cannot be controlled and used in a predictable manner that is why they forced him to work. So he is an alien to civilisation’s culture because he can’t be dominated easily. There are various symbolic levels in every society and each society whether it be a city-state or group of villages they have similar experiences. There are social classes everywhere. Even in a society where freedom and equality reign. These traits may look like unpleasant traits for a people to have but in fact they are not as studies have shown that being a good follower only works for simple repetitive tasks but for complex tasks you need to be on a higher creative plane. That is where the black man excels that is why he can improvise so well in music like in the form of Jazz or Rap and why concepts like democracy, equality, love, sustainability, respect have been found to exist in his culture.

    There is a relationship between master and man. In the past, colonialism was a relationship between master (white) and man (black) now blacks have replaced the master. So it is still master (black) and man (black).

    Did you know that officials don’t make any money they only organize the work amongst the productive experts and every item they own is divided between their personal and official property. They must give account of how their official property is used. So when you consider some people as rich, it may not be their personal property but their official property.

    The black African has proved that he is excellent. He is just as capable as any other person. One thing I noticed is the negro is not easily controlled and can not be easily understood.

    In the case of slavery we have to look at it from a perspective of World Social Order. Trying to build a new civilization in a new world, a new civilization with social classes based on race. Yet only the negro was enslaved because he was least convinced of the need to invest his time and energy into fanciful utopian dreams of the imagination, so he is given the lowest esteem. Forced to work with little freedom of thought, just a bit more than a machine for “refusing” to advance civilization which of course was impossible for him since he was not paid neither given any rights or hope for progress.

    With the abolition of slavery he is free to pursue his own dreams but of course he can’t start from scratch he must combine his efforts to build anew based on the already existing cultural heritage.

    There is a lot of bureaucracy and paperwork attached to building anew in todays countries just to annoy the honest man who wishes to progress according to the law. This makes for keeping the number of rich and privileged few while favouring criminals who make it a profession to beat such systems.

    There are roles played by various individuals the most fundamental is the relationship between master and man. Racism has been defeated, it no longer carries power. If an African American (half black half white) man married to a black woman could contest and win the Presidency twice then that is a serious blow to racism. A revolution has already happened. What looks like racism is more of a superiority complex for economic reasons, competition to prove that one is qualified to be a master over another or simply defending your integrity and not allowing someone you don’t like to ride over you just so you can feel that you are not a racist. You have rights in any multi-cultural or multi-racial organization you participate in. It is up to you to evoke those rights and assume that you will be treated fairly. When people see you are neutral and they will see it then they will adopt you. Every group likes to take up members and international institutions like diversity.

    The bottom line is the world has done a lot to repair the harm done to the black man as can be seen from the lives of Barack Obama, Nelson Mandela, Dr. Martin Luther King, and so many many others. However we should not bore them with issues of yesterday. We should continue where our ancestors, elders and our admirable leaders left off whether they be white or black. We need to be content and appreciative of what we have it will help a great deal in seeing the truth. You have achieved a great deal by your article and blog, a forum created by an indigenous African to discuss the issues of Africa. Well done.

    Reply
  25. Addisu

    I like ur article…..but Ethiopia have never colonized by Italians…Read about the battle of Adwa and Dogale…..

    Reply
  26. Ochim Isaiah Igbang

    Incredible, such information is set for this time to raise giants. This is to make a different. If i have my way, let this be thought in all secondary schools as an empower series to change people mentalities. It is so true!

    Reply
  27. shilar ampiire

    nice to know the past but even better to focus on the future…a wise man says ..if you cant change something..stop vrying over it and move on..i suggest we do so…

    Reply
  28. shilar ampiire

    otherwise ..very educative article..one of the most well thought and analyzed articles I have read my entire life!!!kudos!…please keep up the spirit as we work towards kicking out the above enslaving problems

    Reply
  29. Helina Solomon

    I just want to point out that Ethiopia was never colonized. You need to fix the picture as it is not correct. Other than that i agree on most of ur points.

    Reply
  30. Steve Ade

    I admired your intellectual and the effort you put to the articles. You are 100 percent right about your study. The most important things I am expecting from you now is to do more research about how to take African back or waking African people up from dump slump brain dead. I read the critics of your articles which I am not interested in this sincere ignorance. Martin Luther king said “nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity”. Lack of knowledge and understand of global politics by majority of Africans is the greatest obstacle we facing right now so disgusting we cannot even see the humiliation and garbage treatment upon us. I want us to start working aggressively on it weather as a group or individual on how to make it a better place for our children. Black Race is in bad shape regardless of the causes or how we found yourself in the present predicament or who responsible for who weather you thinks is that people or that people what is most important now is how to get out from this humiliation.

    Reply
  31. Modo Gray

    Sorry, Helina Solomon but Ethiopia was most definitely colonized. It was colonized religiously, ideologically, economically, and lastly politically. It may not have been as formal or official as other African countries but its very underdevelopment is proof enough that it was colonized. There is more that one way to skin a cat, as there is more than one way to colonize a people. The denial of Ethiopians to accept the fact that they were indeed colonized and are under neo-colonial rule now, only stops them from properly contextualizing and solving their problems.

    Reply
  32. Helina Solomon

    Modo Gray are u kidding me? Do u know about Ethiopia's religious History to claim that? I suggest u read before bluntly making statements. It is not a denial, it is a FACT. We are proud of our ancestors who kicked italy's as$ to were it belong. I know my country has a lot of problems but all are caused by our selves. Bad leaderships, some unnecessary cultures held us behind. Lets not rewrite history. ETHIOPIA WAS NEVER COLONIZED BY ITALY. How is underdevelopment a proof of colonialism? Lets not blame the white guy for all our problems. No matter how u elaborate the word, the fact remains, Ethiopia is the only country that was never colonized.

    Reply
  33. Modo Gray

    Helina Solomon I know quite a bit about Ethiopia, in fact I have just come back from there. Moreover I was there as part of an intense history-culture study group, we studied prehistoric, ancient and Judeo-Christian Ethiopia. So, yes I do know about Ethiopia's religious, cultural and political history, hence I am eminently qualified to speak on the matter. A European named Edward Ullendorff is considered the 'father of Ethiopian history' and he repeatedly states in his books (which are the basis of what most children learn about their history in school) that the high culture of Ethiopia comes out of Arabia and is not of indigenous invention. What's more I was there during Genna, most of the Ethiopian people have pictures of their deity as the European (Sarapis) Jesus, there has been a very consistent effort to eradicate the African image of Yeshua which can still be found in some of the ancient churches I visited and studied. King Fasilides (Alam Sagad) took the throne and kicked out the Jesuits because they were attempting to bring in Roman Catholicized images and practices to subvert and setup a fifth column in the Ethiopian nation (much like what happened in Japan), his father had to abdicate as he had nearly brought the country to the brink of civil war because of the influence of the Jesuits. Fast-forward a few hundred years later and those very same images and practices that King Fasilides fought to expel from his nation are as ubiquitous as if one were in Rome. So as I stated before yes, Ethiopia was colonized, I could expound further but I think the above points speak for themselves.

    Reply
  34. Steve Ade

    Modo Gray 100 percent right. the ignorance people don't known there is two way to wipe out a nation from surface of earth "ethnic cleansing or Genocide" first, with military power physically slaughter everybody. second, replaced their culture and their believe system and they stop to exist. majority of African are so ignorance sometimes is unbearable for me. Our culture and believe system is what define us.

    Reply
  35. Helina Solomon

    Modo Gray So all that paragraph and u still haven't answered how Ethiopia was colonized by Italy. That was my point and ur elaborated answer did nothing to verify that or explain how the picture above is correct. If u can't answer that please spare me the reply. tnx

    Reply
  36. Modo Gray

    Helina Solomon

    Supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy’s resistance without fighting. – Sun Tzu, The art of war.

    Ethiopia was colonized the moment it accepted the doctrines and the deification of its enemies. A nation is made up of 4 main systems, religious, political, economic and educational, if another nation is controlling any of these systems you are no longer in control of your country, the power to control the destiny of your nation is now determined by outside nations not by you, hence you are colonized. I have demonstrated to you that Ethiopia does not control its education or religion, and more over its politicians are bought for and paid for by foreign nations. The five years that Ethiopia's main cities were occupied by Italians and the prior intrusions and excursions they had made were enough to derail Ethiopia culturally, economically, religiously and educationally for decades. If you do not understand the basic principles and tents of war and subversion, I am sorry I can't help you, I doubt anyone can. Good luck!!

    Reply
  37. Modo Gray

    Steve Ade The 3 main problem Africa are outline below: but firstly though, you are right our culture and belief systems define who we are, but 1) African people as a whole do not have a strong endogenous self concept, so we fall very easily for the enemies' propaganda. 2) We do not understand the concept of enemy or are in denial of the fact that we have enemies despite the avalanche of evidence, and we have become cowards who will only fight amongst each other. 3) Our so called leaders are hand picked by hostile nations, they do not serve the interest of their people but those of their masters or their own sick ambitions and desires. Every other problem Africa has stems from these 3. We need to stop treating the symptoms and deal with source/root of these issues.

    Reply
  38. Samson Muchina Kinyanjui

    Will Jackson no it does not but on the other hand without examining the whole spectrum of those events and only taking the one sided narrative we cannot become wiser to face similar threats in the future. To use the rape analogy no one should ever blame a victim for being raped – on the other hand i would expect a the rape victim herself to also examine the circumstance under which she was raped and see if in future she can do something different – yes the rapist the dark corner was evil and the girl innocent but for the girl to ignore the fact that dark corners are more likely to habour evil rapists and walk through the same corner agin in the name of "i am not to blame if i get raped again" is foolhardy to say the list! As we speak many of us are helping the chinese the ravage our countries…in fifty years this debate will be about how the chinese raped africa and how we were simply poor victims totally powerless against them and no culpability whatsover!

    Reply
  39. kwaku

    a lot of confusion here but remember to destroy the source and dies fruit, its the only permanent solution. If white yurugu was afraid to venture into inland Afrika(continent & people called) how did he know what was there and creating a product is useless and void without a market. Problem is we use yurugu definitions and stories to answer Afrikan(continent & people called) situations. We have not listen to our ancestors warning of their errors(Mossi empire & others). When Yurugu enters the nation will fall. Even if he could desire peace his vibration and nature is anti Afrikan( continent & people called) violent and chaotic. He cannot and should not be Trusted in any shape or form.

    Reply
  40. Markos Lemma

    Modo Gray It is a bold statement you made about Ethiopia. I partially agree with your statement regarding colonization. Though, there was no direct colonization in Ethiopia. Who ever tried that never lived long to tell the story. In the world order, there is a massive influence within and outside boarders of nations, tribes and societies. it is also worth to mention that no matter how we are trying to be different, there is only one race – the human race. As the article states, we are talking about elites who control the majority of the nations. It doesn't necessary benefits everyone, even people from the same race. Note that, majority of western still work more than they should to maintain their lifestyle while few people benefit out of with this intensive labour work. So when it comes to Ethiopia, Christianity came in 4th century and early Arab mix influences the culture and the way of life. Though, our influence came from Middle East in the early stage and later European influence added. But this is to note that most of the influence came from closer nations, like Egypt and Arabs. One important point not to miss from Ethiopian history is that Ethiopian influenced the rest of the world in a very wider way as well. Architecture and astrology are few examples. So can we blame the current problems in Ethiopia caused by Europeans (or as a writer emphasises by white people). I would say No! and can we state the current problems in Europe caused by Ethiopian influence. I would still say No. The basic awakening to gain from all these discussion is, there are few people who are benefited with the current system and who control the world order. What is important is deep understanding of where we are and owning our own problems and solutions and find a solutions among ourselves. If we can't solve our problems in our surrounding, the other people coming from other places won't as well. We better know better!

    Reply
  41. Avril Benoît

    hi everybody, don't throw me rocks, I am not a colon. I agree with a lot of what you said even if it doesn't always happen the way you say it. There ARE tribes in Africa, or if you prefer cultural groups, I agree always dividing the people between 'tribes' is a colonial view that humiliates african people, but we did not 'create' utu and tutsi, they really exist, what's really annoying in your article is that you always blame the whites, and you pretend to understand their 'hidden agenda'. Utu and Tutsi were indeed killing each others, what's happening now in Centrafrica is also a fight between different groups (divided by religion). I don't know if you need to thank the white people for helping you to stop wars, or hate the white people to sell you weapons, (that african bought), but the first step for you would be to not talk about 'the white people' as an homogeneous group of people you can't deal with or talk to, and for us to not talk about the whole africa, secretly thinking about all the black people.
    I agree with what you say about science. I always thought literary studies were a luxury that underdeveloped countries could not afford but I discovered you had a lot of students in psychology etc… that's shocking. But if you study science, you should know Darwin has little to do with what is called social darwinism, and the survival of the fittest is not even a theory, it's just an obvious mechanism. What darwin brought is the transmission of inherited characters, and random evolutive innovation. Darwin has nothing to do with racism, nor Machiaveli, which most of us never read and don't care about anyway. Elites are elites, and they don't like someone else to tell them what to do, or to think, elites are not influenced, they pretend to be, but serve their own interests, or deeper convictions, they are not 'genuinely' influenced by thinkers.
    There is also the problem of natural reserves. Africa has a great nature, and westerners would like to preserve it, Some animals are not seen anywhere else, but it also, somewhat, impeaches African people to exploit the soil for agriculture.
    But westerners don't behave like that only with Africa, recently our ex president's wife went to India ti 'fight against poverty with an association'. Who paid the journey? Not the French state as it would have been a public scandal, but the association itself! So she wants to fight the poverty being paid by the fund that belongs to the association which help the poor…. So many charity dinner against starvation where people eat like 4, that's disgusting.

    Reply
  42. Avril Benoît

    Mawuna R. Koutonin that would be just racism to avoid quoting other nations people. There is a high probability Solomon never existed, but at the time, people in here were mostly like the ones now, semitic people, so kind of white…broken white. I believe during some periods, Egypt has been much more black, some hieroglyph shows really black leaders, and some really white, I guess they were not that racist at the time, maybe they knew they were all dumb, white and black together…

    Reply
  43. Modo Gray

    Markos Lemma I see where you are coming from with the whole there is only one race the human race, but I would beg to disagree… People always try to view themselves as sentient beings, as rational and set apart from the rest of the animal kingdom, this is the downfall of Afrikan civilization. We are out of touch with nature, because of this we do not study it. If we did we would know what happens when rival primate (chimpanzee) groups clash, the dominant few, kill the other males and their offspring and take the females. The animal kingdom has two types systems, the cooperative and the competitive models. Afrikans, indigenous Australians, native Americas etc tend to be of the cooperative modality, whilst Europeans, Arabs and Northern Orientals tend to be of the competitive type. You end up with a species with incompatible types, where one has to triumph over the other or risk extinction.

    Charles Darwin makes this point very clear –“At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilised races of man will almost certainly exterminate and replace throughout the world the savage races. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes, as Professor Schaaffhausen has remarked, will no doubt be exterminated. The break will then be rendered wider, for it will intervene between man in a more civilised state as we may hope, than the Caucasian and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as at present between the negro or Australian and the gorilla.”

    Of course it is implied in the insulting quote above that the competitive model will win. Again I will state this: as long as Afrikans do not understand the concept of enemy, we Afrikans can not solve any of our problems, until we do. We cannot build anything of significance for ourselves because the enemy will always come to destroy or corrupt it, and they will do it easily because we are not on guard for their direct and indirect attacks.

    Reply
  44. Kamerchief

    thanks once more Mawuna for this stimulation and empowerment.You need to go on air with this brother, more people should become aware.
    Now let’s do some forward thinking.The only way to unlearn lies is to learn the truth.I figure that a sizeable fraction of the problems you exposed in this write up can be solved by mere information and communication.We need strong African Presses that will serve solely to debunk the lies of Western press, and also go further to bring forward rich and inspiring information such as this to all of Africa.You can ask for funds and I will give without thinking!
    Secondly we need our present leaders to overhaul the educational system of our nations*i know this one is hard* but only then can coming generations learn stuff that can be relevant for active African development, and end the era of white supremacy. In the same vain we must start leadership coaching both formally and informally.I find that I have the ability to inspire others live out their dreams and effectively too.I know there are lots of other Africans who can do this.Let’s start empowering ourselves and supporting one another.We must volunteer to help ourselves.If not the saga of training young africans for so called leadership overseas will continue and the vicious cycle of having future leaders as puppets in the hands of the west will never end.
    i salute you all my fellow africans.
    thanks again Mawuna

    Reply
  45. Rick Lee

    I’ve found your writings very informative. What I’m wondering is, if there is anything someone not from Africa can do to help. Is it your point that, any help we attempt causes harm, and that we should leave things in other countries to those countries to settle among themselves. Or are you pointing out specifically the things people have done with good intentions (or possibly disguised intentions) that have been of consequence. Its unfortunate that the world is unable to prosper harmoniously, that countries cannot coincide in the way that people within a community do. If there are things of benefit that a person, writer, or artist, can do in other countries, I’d be interesting in finding out what.

    Reply
  46. jamaal

    @Avril Benoit, The Hutu,Tutsi and Twa used to leave peacefully side by side until the Belgians introduced Ethnic Identity Cards and turned them against each other in the classic colonial divide and conquer systems. One group was demonised and the first killing took place just before independence in 1959 against the Tutsi and continued since until the culmination of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi, all under the watchful eye of France. As a result the Rwandan Government moved away from the Francophonie and joined the Commonwealth instead and replaced French with English. Rwandans also believe that no stranger will just give you their hard earned tax dollars without wanting anything in return. All western good Samaritans are welcome to volunteer in Africa, bring food and make fundraising but we’d rather you came in to invest that money in order to create jobs and make money both for you and Africans. As the old saying goes give a man a fish and he’ll eat for one day but teach a man how to fish and he’ll…(cant remember what goes here) So Investment good, Aid not so good

    Reply
  47. Paschal Akwetey

    Mawuna R. Koutonin somewhere it is written that Egyptian Pharaohs attacked the "Sudan" to take the "Sudanese" as slaves. Now below this culled; With regards to the name Sudan, originally it comes from the term`Bilad -al- Sudan` which means “Land of Blacks”. So the term is a mere derivation from the Arabic word ` Sauod` meaning ‘Blacks’ as an indication to the skin colour of the inhabitants living in the region. The term is said to be used by Arab travelers, geographers and historians who first wrote the history of the region.

    http://www.ancientsudan.org/articles_ibrahim_musa_westernsudan.html
    From this one can ask if Egyptian were "black" to take other "Blacks" as slaves. But there was also a time when "Sudanese" Blacks Dynasty ruled Egypt!

    Reply
  48. Paschal Akwetey

    Mawuna R. Koutonin It could be contradictory quotin "white intelegent persons – or philosophers. It is then the same as "looking at me with a scorn after eating my corn!

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  49. Paschal Akwetey

    Hitting the nails of the head? This is just the same "talk, talk" of the "talkers" The Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah said before Independence: "Get Ye First the Political Kingdom and all shall be added" So not till the elite have a change of mind all talks here about African Riches remain talk-talk: We Africans are like the Biblical Servant who hid the Ten Minas under his bed doing nothing with it! We have gold, but know not how to dig it. We have land but cannot farm. But even now, dig your Gold and if France refuses to buy, you could walk the world finding NOBODY to buy your "finished" gold. For food surely if not for the whites married to Blacks we surely would have no African food in Afro-Shops in Germany!.

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  50. Mmnt

    If people take a vow to support the efforts and businesses of their neighbor, friend … Or small business owners around the world – we’d be able to create more wealth for many. Monopoly in and of a market happens when we all pay less equally a lot for one. If we pay a little more at a few, we can keep small business alive. Many aren’t seeking a castle but simply a house.

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  51. Chrispory Juma

    Great insights there. I more of disagree with the first 6 because they don’t answer the question of where Africa would have been without the west. He is more of trying to blame the west for our pains, which, to me, I refuse to accept. Africans used to kill one another even before, and died of preventable diseases. We just could not help ourselves, or it was our lifestyle? The whites found an ignorant, iliterate, divided and greedy Africa and took advantage of it. Or culture could not help us solve our problems

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  52. Inyang Effiong

    Good write up.

    On point 9. My view is that we need MORE of philosophy and similarly trained people. Engineers and technicians are all well and good but a country/people is made up of belief systems not just hardware.

    7. is good. Folks around me think CNN and BBC are direct infallible. Anything that comes out of those organs are the ‘gospel’ truth and are treated as HARD FACTS.

    Your question on why Racism if our major problems are not external (that is how I read it), racism is natural, humans have prejudices, combine this with power and other influences. Victims of racism are almost all from lower economic/social classes.

    @Nasser Ugoi, Good points.

    Reply
  53. Nox Ntuli

    Very insightful article but i think number 11 should be about the commitment by african citizens to the development of their continent. We can blame everyone we want but at some point we need to take some responsibility.

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  54. Siera Vercillo

    A lot of this post I think is accurate and I agree with much of it, particularly with points about education and networks lacking, as well as the injustice the media is doing to perpetuate racism and african stereotypes. The bit about western philosophy although I have never seen it articulated in quite that way makes sense. The only thing I do not like about this article is the emotional language used and sweeping generalizations implied. For example you say the West is dividing people in Africa (through media, through borders etc.) and implying that this is causing conflict and shaping the mindsets of people (if you did not mean to imply this, this is how I read it) you, the author, also divide people by saying:

    "There are two kinds of people in Africa, those who can’t make a living regardless of how much they put in, and those with lavish lifestyle and privileges regardless of how little they contribute." —leading to a contradiction in your article.

    If your recommendation is to look at the nuances across the diverse African continent, than understanding class differences and the complexity in that should also come into your argument. :) just trying to be constructive with my critique.

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  55. Nzingha Shabaka

    Mawuna Which African leader today is a good role model, that the whole continent need to become free. How long, do you think it would take to get the invaders out of Africa. I am in US.

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  56. Edwin Arrey

    Thanks for the postindustrielle. Ignorance is worser than Aids.

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  57. Tsegai

    I really like the article. I would expect the author to explain number 9 more. Everything starts from number 9. Understanding how the governments of the rich countries work, believe and act is very important. Ask anybody from the developed countries who has some knowledge of the politics and system operation the following question?

    “Can all people in the world live the way the developed countries are living ? ” The answer will be No. There is no enough resources for that.

    The question becomes would anybody help Africa except Africans? No. Africans have to know the survival mentality. I believe.

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  58. Shane Ram

    Great article and I fully agree. Since 1904, Wallace D Wattles suggested how we could effectively help poor people . 'Poor people do not need charity, they need inspiration and education' Wallace D Wattles, The Science of Getting Rich

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  59. Jumoke Dabiri

    Well no 11… Can't manage a web site for readers to get information to read…..

    Reply
  60. Dennis Mackynon

    Africa needs a serious revolution and like china it will rise…but where will the continent get its serious reformers when our youths the power engine are lost,very desperate smoking and cheering Manchester and arsenal..walking half naked in our streets lol

    Reply
  61. Learia Line

    Avril the first slaves were white the Slavic this word is of European origin and were sold by Europeans. Arvil it was very common in your societies.
    The servitude was practised in Africa it is true but it is incomparable with that of the colonists.
    In April it is very simplistic what you say. The traitors justify not at all what passed. You should not forget the reasons which livened up the European. The version of the colonist is very simplified so that they clear of responsibility themselves completely while whatever they are it was planned.
    The slavery was prepared in advance by the European to become world powers.
    It is thanks to the agreement of Vatican of two popes who ordered certain European countries to put in slavery of the not European peoples for their profit.
    – Alexandre VI: the papal bull Inter Caetera, on 1493
    It is to justify the colonization and the subjection of the peoples.
    Http: // |mjp.univ-perp.fr / deal / 1493bulle.htm

    – Nicolas V: the papal bubble of 1455 ( Romanus Pontifex) which justified the slavery and ordered the European to enslave(overcome) and to use peoples to grow rich.
    Assani FASSASSI – The sin of the Pope against Africa in this book there is a complete translation of the humanitarian work (irony).
    – The black code: rules and laws which Colbert has establishes to legislate the slavery and decreed whom the African man was Personal property.
    http://classiques.uqac.ca/collection_documents/louis_XIV_roi_de_France/code_noir/code _noir.pdf

    You should not forget the theorization of the race or Gobineau, Darwin has establishes that they had a hierarchical organization there and that the western man had the right to enslave the other one just because he is different thus for them inferior.

    The founders of the ideology of the racism who justified it.
    Here is deliver them that it is necessary to read to understand why today certain countries are still colonized.

    – Gobineau: An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races
    https://archive.org/details/inequalityofhuma00gobi

    – Darwin: On the Origin of Species
    http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/89015#page/11/mode/1up

    – Chamberlain: The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century
    – Kant: Of the Different Human Races
    – Pierre Larousse : including the 15 volume Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle: article "Nigro".

    And many other colonists or theorists worked at conditioning their community to become a racist and to justify it by a so called inferiority that they invented hypocritically to grow rich.

    It is not finished after there was a colonization. The colonists decided to dehumanize, to déculturer the peoples whom they colonized.

    http://biblio.alloprof.qc.ca/ImagesDesFiches/7000-7499-Histoire-premier-cycle/7077/7077i7.jpg

    http://ratgemini.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/post-scramble-for-africa.jpg

    – By destroying them kingdoms (Ashanti, Mali, Houssa, Kongo, Dahomey)
    It is from the conference of Berlin in 1885 and influenced by the speech of Ferry on the necessity of races superiors to dominate races inferiors that all the colonialist countries destroyed deliberately the African kingdoms "to divide and rule".

    Ferry said :
    "it is a right for the superior races, because they have a duty. They have the duty to civilize the inferior races."

    The creation of the human zoos or they expose humans as animals to accustom their community to decrease colonies. It is the process of dehumanization.
    Human zoos Documentary realized in 2002 by Eric Deroo, Pascal Blanchard
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjJlkroPuSA

    – The missionaries obliged the Africans gave up their culture. They alienated them by inculcating them the self-loathing (of them hair of the skin, their culture)

    – The code of the native population it is the hard labor in all the colonies.
    Olivier Le Cour Grandmaison – Of the native population Anatomy of a legal "monster"

    Today

    It is the neo-colonialism and the propaganda in the standardization. Their purpose it is to continue to take resources which do not belong to them while discriminating between the communities which they plunder. It is cynical but it is for the profit!
    How make the imperialists? From the media they always give false and negative information onto all what concerns communities or there are natural resources.

    This represents the multinationals which plunder and impoverish communities for the profit.
    http://p9.storage.canalblog.com/96/68/1012350/77912627_o.jpg

    And to protect their plunder they have build military bases. The African heads of state are chosen by the imperialists they can remove them as they please. And those since the 50s. THE CFA franc exchanges colonial.
    http://www.madagascar-tribune.com/IMG/jpg/Base .jpg

    Avril your speech it is the one of those who think that it is the game and that it is easily justifiable while there are many elements to be known to understand the mechanism and describe it.
    As long as people will not know this mechanism they will have the same conclusions as you. It is not a short-term but a long-term. We also notice it for the case of the Amerindians, the Aborigines, the Arabic, the South American, the Slavic etc….
    What we want it is the multipolar world that every continents can be autonomous without ingrence. It is the dream which has to be reality.

    Reply
  62. Learia Line

    Avril the first slaves were white the Slavic this word is of European origin and were sold by Europeans. Arvil it was very common in your societies.
    The servitude was practised in Africa it is true but it is incomparable with that of the colonists.
    Avril it is very simplistic what you say. The traitors justify not at all what passed. You should not forget the reasons which livened up the European. The version of the colonist is very simplified so that they clear of responsibility themselves completely while whatever they are it was planned.
    The slavery was prepared in advance by the European to become world powers.
    It is thanks to the agreement of Vatican of two popes who ordered certain European countries to put in slavery of the not European peoples for their profit.
    – Alexandre VI: the papal bull Inter Caetera, on 1493
    It is to justify the colonization and the subjection of the peoples.
    Http: // |mjp.univ-perp.fr / deal / 1493bulle.htm

    – Nicolas V: the papal bubble of 1455 ( Romanus Pontifex) which justified the slavery and ordered the European to enslave(overcome) and to use peoples to grow rich.
    Assani FASSASSI – The sin of the Pope against Africa in this book there is a complete translation of the humanitarian work (irony).
    – The black code: rules and laws which Colbert has establishes to legislate the slavery and decreed whom the African man was Personal property.
    http://classiques.uqac.ca/collection_documents/louis_XIV_roi_de_France/code_noir/code _noir.pdf

    You should not forget the theorization of the race or Gobineau, Darwin has establishes that they had a hierarchical organization there and that the western man had the right to enslave the other one just because he is different thus for them inferior.

    The founders of the ideology of the racism who justified it.
    Here is deliver them that it is necessary to read to understand why today certain countries are still colonized.

    – Gobineau: An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races
    https://archive.org/details/inequalityofhuma00gobi

    – Darwin: On the Origin of Species
    http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/89015#page/11/mode/1up

    – Chamberlain: The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century
    – Kant: Of the Different Human Races
    – Pierre Larousse : including the 15 volume Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle: article "Nigro".

    And many other colonists or theorists worked at conditioning their community to become a racist and to justify it by a so called inferiority that they invented hypocritically to grow rich.

    It is not finished after there was a colonization. The colonists decided to dehumanize, to déculturer the peoples whom they colonized.

    http://biblio.alloprof.qc.ca/ImagesDesFiches/7000-7499-Histoire-premier-cycle/7077/7077i7.jpg

    http://ratgemini.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/post-scramble-for-africa.jpg

    – By destroying them kingdoms (Ashanti, Mali, Houssa, Kongo, Dahomey)
    It is from the conference of Berlin in 1885 and influenced by the speech of Ferry on the necessity of races superiors to dominate races inferiors that all the colonialist countries destroyed deliberately the African kingdoms "to divide and rule".

    Ferry said :
    "it is a right for the superior races, because they have a duty. They have the duty to civilize the inferior races."

    The creation of the human zoos or they expose humans as animals to accustom their community to decrease colonies. It is the process of dehumanization.
    Human zoos Documentary realized in 2002 by Eric Deroo, Pascal Blanchard
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjJlkroPuSA

    – The missionaries obliged the Africans gave up their culture. They alienated them by inculcating them the self-loathing (of them hair of the skin, their culture)

    – The code of the native population it is the hard labor in all the colonies.
    Olivier Le Cour Grandmaison – Of the native population Anatomy of a legal "monster"

    Today

    It is the neo-colonialism and the propaganda in the standardization. Their purpose it is to continue to take resources which do not belong to them while discriminating between the communities which they plunder. It is cynical but it is for the profit!
    How make the imperialists? From the media they always give false and negative information onto all what concerns communities or there are natural resources.

    This represents the multinationals which plunder and impoverish communities for the profit.
    http://p9.storage.canalblog.com/96/68/1012350/77912627_o.jpg

    And to protect their plunder they have build military bases. The African heads of state are chosen by the imperialists they can remove them as they please. And those since the 50s. THE CFA franc exchanges colonial.
    http://www.madagascar-tribune.com/IMG/jpg/Base .jpg

    Avril your speech it is the one of those who think that it is the game and that it is easily justifiable while there are many elements to be known to understand the mechanism and describe it.
    As long as people will not know this mechanism they will have the same conclusions as you. It is not a short-term but a long-term. We also notice it for the case of the Amerindians, the Aborigines, the Arabic, the South American, the Slavic etc….
    What we want it is the multipolar world that every continents can be autonomous without ingrence. It is the dream which has to be reality.

    Reply
  63. Learia Line

    Avril Benoît Your speech it is of the negation. We do not speak about the people but the elites. It is not the color the problem but the imperialism. It is the diversion which you use to make some denial. If the author of the text uses it it is to understand this mechanism. The Africans did not make the quarter of what the Westerners made for the world. It is not only the Africans who have sudden these atrocities but all the not European. You should not forget the Amerindians and the Aborigines. and many others. It is very deceitful to try to persuade that what was made and what is made is nothing.
    And the racism was create theorized by the European to dominate the other peoples. The power is needed to exercise it and believe in the theorization of the race. Where from the colonialism and the neocolonialism.
    Avril you undergo no economic colonialism on behalf of the Africans on the contrary you make party of this system and you take advantage of these benefactions. Do not invert the roles. No African theorized about the race. It is the Africans the Asiatics who were the subject of these psychopaths.
    Gobineau " the Year Essay one the Inequality of the Human Races " and Kant " Of the Different Human Races " of real psychopaths.
    There will be always people to deny it but today that does not work any more.
    Yes in the exchanges but not in the intervention and not in the colonialism.

    Reply
  64. Avril Benoît

    Learia Line Well first AVRIL is not my first name, but my lastname, second, you put very interesting links, but you totally misunderstood what I said. I didn't say occident has never been racist, I say blaming the white men forbeing the only racist people IS racist, that's kind of obvious. I repeat that darwinism has very little to do with hierarchy of races, on the contrary it just states there are different species, which all have a single origin, different doesn't mean there is a hierarchy, and evolution is a fact, maybe you should study a little science before arguing. Darwin was on the contrary caricatured as a chimp when he published his theory, a treatment that racist people of today, who don't understand the theory of evolution, applies to black people. So he knew pretty well what was being dehumanized, and animalized. I must say that blacks and arabs don't hesitate to call white people "pigs" which is also a form of animalization.
    AND I, as a human being, am not at all responsible of slavery. Now if African people could elect fair leaders for them and develop their own country, maybe they wouldn't blame so much the white men. How did Indians and Vietnamese manage to develop their countries, they were also colonized, and China, the biggest country in the world, was colonized by Japan…move on.

    Reply
  65. Learia Line

    Avril Benoît Benoit you are very naïve. You know only the version of the conquerors. You dare to say that Darwin knows what that is so he the dehumanization. You miss a nerve. I did not quote that this so called scientist. Gobineau " The inequality of human races "
    https://ia600607.us.archive.org/24/items/inequalityofhuma00gobi/inequalityofhuma00gobi.pdf
    , Larousse in is dictionary the passage on the "Negros" and many others contributed to dehumanize the Africans. You do not even realize what that is.
    It is 500 years of dehumanization of the Africans to oblige their community to become a racist. The elite is a racist and an eugenist and it influences their community to be able to lead their project. It became cultural.
    Your comparison has strictly to have nothing with what I explained. They made not that to offend them of sign they discriminated between them and were colonized for these reasons. They were dehumanized and put in human zoos to influence their community. That has nothing credit note with your explanations. I do not have say that you are responsible you do not understand that I speak about the elite. And you are far from imagining the hatred which it has against the Africans and the other non european.
    It is not only words but also acts. If it was only words it would not be grave but acts were catastrophic "zoo human" and experiments on Saartjie Baartman. Do you know her? This very horrific story.
    I advise you to look at this documentary which is very detailed and documented. His name is Maafa 21.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eWxCRReTV4

    It is horrible but it is the reality.

    Reply
  66. Learia Line

    Avril Benoît For Rwanda the consequences are horrible but the causes are the even worse.
    It is necessary to know why and how's that was possible to be made.
    I advise you the book which goes back up at the origin of this disaster. " Rwanda – The ideology hamitique and the genocide " Marcel Kabanda and Jean Pierre Chrétien.
    It is during the colonization that the colonists decided to create the myth of the hamite to be superior and to separated the same ethnic group. They said in the one that they looks like them because they were more ligther and in the others the opposite. Then they have begins a true brainwashing over 100 years. And you know continuation there.

    Today the evil is made it is almost irreparable all this because certain man wanted to experiment their own culture on the others and to inculcate in them. It is enough flippant but it is not the only ones of the other colonists made the same thing but in a different way.

    In Namibia, there is first concentration camp where Hereros was almost all exterminated by the German colonists. Namibiens was never proved and are always colonized.
    http://www.ezakwantu.com/Gallery%20Herero%20and%20Namaqua%20Genocide.htm
    Namibia – Genocide and the Second Reich

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4OZ7Xc5pWQ

    And there are also the Amerindians and the Aborigines who underwent this colonialism and their situation is catastrophic.
    They are not because words but dramatic facts.

    Reply
  67. Avril Benoît

    Mawuna R. Koutonin oh great, a paranoid racist article to justify paranoid racist claims? Who is that "famous french supremacist" unquoted? Oh, and you're necessarily right because you are african, therefore you know everything about africa and an objective analysis is useless? Any serious references about belgium creating hutu and tutsi?
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tutsi I don't understand that was easy.:
    "Prior to the arrival of colonists, Rwanda had been ruled as a Tutsi dominated monarchy since Bronze Age. Beginning in about 1880, Roman Catholic missionaries arrived in the Great Lakes region. Later, when German forces occupied the area during World War I, the conflict and efforts for Catholic conversion became more pronounced. As the Tutsi resisted conversion, the missionaries found success only among the Hutu. In an effort to reward conversion, the colonial government confiscated traditionally Tutsi land and reassigned it to Hutu tribes.[13]"

    Apparently, even if sharing the same culture and marrying each other, there was a kind of class classification. However there are tribes in Africa, can you deny it? It would have been more interesting if you had contradict that claim…

    Do you think our leaders work for us? Absolutely not, they are as much serving their interest than african ones, yes our leaders often pressured yours, and yes, humanitarian help can destroy a local market for example, but that doesn't explain everything, and that doesn't mean "blacks are angels and white are evil", all that article smells racism, don't you understand? I am not responsible of what they did, I didn't even vote for them, and those problems are not the cause of all your problems, you can keep on blaming europe and the US for thousands of years if you want, each country here had brutal war with its neighbour in the past, and it didn't impeach the development.
    I reply to the other shameless article you posted: if you go to a european museum, you will certainly see european paintings and others, some of the middle east and egypt and some from ancient colonies, african and asian as well. Looting has been permanent in Vietnam, chosing leaders has also been permanent (for example japan), and Japan were themselves colons, as were Chinese with tibetan and others. Really that article doesn't make sense and continue to play the card of only victims Africans. About 5 millions of people died in Vietnam, 1 million in korean war, and you call it "good will"?
    I know african people really smart and courageous, they studied in France, and you know what? They don't cry like you do, don't blame so much for the past, don't blame the chinese who are now as much present as were French in the past, and if they have been able to study in France, it's because they speak French, and we allow them to study. That must be the only good point I see in colonisation: Now almost all Africa speaks an international language, either French or English. (Which doesn't mean it was nice to eradicate the others). But come on, who took the weapons in those endless proxy wars? Were they French, Belgian, or English? Who were the warlords? Who were the child soldiers? Were they whites? You bought the weapons the west built, that's what your leaders "who could be courageous if not intimidated" have done. A brave man would just refuse to fuel a war and take a bullet in the head instead, a smart one would have sold them back or negotiated differently.
    And you shoudl stop with that 3 (or 5 depending on your mood) centuries of slavery, YOU are not a slave and YOU don't suffer from slavery. Slavery still exist, but you can't be more penalised by 300 years of slavery than by 1000000000000 years, cause it has nothing to do with YOUR life.
    Go read about slavery my ancestors too have been slave:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_slave_trade
    Let me quote wikipedia again
    "Mauritania was the last jurisdiction to officially outlaw slavery (in 1981/2007), but about 10% to 20% of its population is estimated to live in slavery.[5][6]" OH MY FUCKING GOD just tell me what ressources are in mauritania and where the fucking hell is located mauritania?
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery#History
    Oh and forced marriage is classified as a form of slavery, and who is well positioned for forced marriage?? You don't know?
    South Africa
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forced_marriage#By_country
    Main article: Ukuthwala

    In South Africa, ukuthwala is the practice of abducting young girls and forcing them into marriage, often with the consent of their parents.[52] The practice occurs mainly in rural parts of South Africa, in particular the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.[53] The girls who are involved in this practice are frequently under-aged, including some as young as eight.[54] The practice received negative publicity, with media reporting in 2009 that more than 20 Eastern Cape girls are forced to drop out of school every month because of ukuthwala.[55]
    Niger

    Forced marriage is common in Niger. Niger has the highest prevalence of child marriage in the world;[56][57] and also the highest total fertility rate.[58] Girls who attempt to leave forced marriages are most often rejected by their families and are often forced to enter prostitution in order to survive.[59] Due to the food crisis, girls are being sold into marriage.[60]
    Madagascar

    Forced marriage is prevalent in Madagascar. Girls are married off by their families, and often led to believe that if they refuse the marriage they will be "cursed".[61][62] In some cases, the husband is much older than his bride, and when she becomes a widow, she is discriminated and excluded by society.[63]

    Sorry but it seems a lot of African are monsters, but that might be the tradition? Or is it that evil people exist everywhere?
    By the way, those who were slave during 300 years were the descendants of African people in America but also, native Americans in the north of America, along with some Europeans.
    Please look at the map:
    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/04/Modern_incidence_of_slavery.png
    It seems there is a lot of red in Africa, with a population of 1.1 billion of people, a quick counting tells us there are still about 5 millions of slave in Africa. Don't you think it's A LOT? Are they "our slave"? I don't think so.

    Reply
  68. Learia Line

    Avril Benoît I have never put the responsibility on the skin color but on defined well people the imperialists.
    You know very well which are their objectives and their misdeeds. But you by-pass the subject while we say the same thing concerning them. They represent millions of people because they have some power and colossal financial means.

    Just look at this report and make you an idea and you will understand certain things. The elite really has a problem and wants to convince people by the guile that what they recommend is normal while it is the opposite.
    Maafa 21:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eWxCRReTV4

    http://www.maafa21.com/

    I speak to you about your elites and you speak to me about the people. You pretend not to understand. Do not make me say what I do not have say.
    I advised you the book on the reasons of the Rwandan genocide. You can get an idea.
    The consequences it is a fratricide fight for the myth which has never existed.
    In Africa, there are atrocities but that justifies not at all what the western elites made. And we are not the only ones it is the same thing for the Amerindians, the Aborigines, the Slavs, the Vietnamese etc….

    I do not say that some are better than the others. You understand back to front. Of course there is of the voucher and the bad everywhere. But that has nothing credit note with what I say.
    I speak to you misdeeds of elites.

    Yes in Mauritania there is a slavery on the blacks and it is Arabic which practise it. Moreover in all the Middle East also.
    You forget that in Africa there are many mining and very desired resources.
    And the fratricide wars are well between Africans but it is not as well simple as you try to explain it. It divide and rule. You know?
    That's why the imperialists are in Africa and do their utmost to put problems. It is thanks to their military base and their puppet which they put in the power in their own good time.

    http://globalepresse.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/french-military-bases-in-africa1.png

    http://p9.storage.canalblog.com/96/68/1012350/77912627_o.jpg

    Nobody's perfect but the facts are there and it is all these people whom I denounce. It is necessary to put things in perspective.
    Of course is not it to what they are doing for you but they make it that in even.
    The politicians are indefensible that matter or they are they do not work for the proletarians. I repeat it it is of them about whom I speak.

    The problems are not exclusively in Africa there is everywhere.

    In Europe and somewhere else the corruption is also very settled. No country is saved by the politics unreliable.
    http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/politique/ces-elus-condamnes-et-reelus_769221.html

    There are more or less dangerous pro-independence movements.
    – In Corsica:
    The Corsica libera and FLNC
    http://conflits.revues.org/419

    In Brittany :
    Argad
    http://www.agencebretagnepresse.com/fetch.php?id=26733

    The Basque Country :
    ETA
    http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/monde/europe/eta-50-ans-de-violence-au-pays-basque-espagnol_776608.html

    And white collar crime :
    http://www.bastamag.net/Delits-et-crimes-financiers

    You understood nothing I do not speak about the people but the elites. From there your judgment is falsified. Nothing serves to defend them they also reserve you a kind of economic colonialism.
    With the TAFTA and TISA.
    http://www.marianne.net/Vous-avez-aime-le-traite-transatlantique-vous-adorerez-TISA-_a239731.html

    They so much want to have the monopoly that today they want to concentrate all the powers to control better the world. It is impracticable but sigeant of the treaties they think of reaching there.
    It will be a real problem for the small producers and the local economy for any country will be catastrophic.
    Even time I castigate the leaders and those who support them wherever from that they are because they make the worst decisions.

    Reply
  69. Hank DeBey

    Hi Mawuna. This is a great article that has stirred considerable debate and that is good. I particularly liked your reply to comment (6) with the four challenges.
    – Apply to run any company or organization of more than 100 people.
    – Try to raise 50K dollars to finance a project or company
    – Ask 10 friends to contribute to Wikipedia to write about your country history and even your village
    – Try to spread a message to reach more than 1000 people in you country

    I respectfully ask, do you or other contributors to this dialog have ideas about how to accomplish the first two challenges.

    Reply
    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      @Hank
      My suggestion would be for the first challenge to create that organization yourself and lead it, otherwise you’ll have to compromise a lot and get into lot of dirty politics.
      In many African countries, there are secret societies where you’d find almost all the local movers and shakers. It’s almost impossible to get any top position unless you are in or have connections inside those societies.
      For the second challenge, I’d say it’s possible with appropriate connections. Again connections here have a very high moral or ethical cost.
      For the second challenge too, I’d suggest to start something with less capital and slowly upgrade to a 50K$ worth organization.

      Reply

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