14 African Countries Forced by France to Pay Colonial Tax For the Benefits of Slavery and Colonization

Africa-France-relationshipDid you know many African countries continue to pay colonial tax to France since their independence till today!

When Sékou Touré of Guinea decided in 1958 to get out of french colonial empire, and opted for the country independence, the french colonial elite in Paris got so furious, and in a historic act of fury the french administration in Guinea destroyed everything in the country which represented what they called the benefits from french colonization.

Three thousand French left the country, taking all their property and destroying anything that which could not be moved: schools, nurseries, public administration buildings were crumbled; cars, books, medicine, research institute instruments, tractors were crushed and sabotaged; horses, cows in the farms were killed, and food in warehouses were burned or poisoned.

The purpose of this outrageous act was to send a clear message to all other colonies that the consequences for rejecting France would be very high.

Slowly fear spread trough the african elite, and none after the Guinea events ever found the courage to follow the example of Sékou Touré, whose slogan was “We prefer freedom in poverty to opulence in slavery.”

Sylvanus Olympio, the first president of the Republic of Togo, a tiny country in west Africa, found a middle ground solution with the French.

He didn’t want his country to continue to be a french dominion, therefore he refused to sign the colonisation continuation pact De Gaule proposed, but agree to pay an annual debt to France for the so called benefits Togo got from french colonization.

It was the only conditions for the French not to destroy the country before leaving. However, the amount estimated by France was so big that the reimbursement of the so called “colonial debt” was close to 40% of the country budget in 1963.

The financial situation of the newly independent Togo was very unstable, so in order to get out the situation, Olympio decided to get out the french colonial money FCFA (the franc for french african colonies), and issue the country own currency.

On January 13, 1963, three days after he started printing his country own currency, a squad of illiterate soldiers backed by France killed the first elected president of newly independent Africa. Olympio was killed by an ex French Foreign Legionnaire army sergeant called Etienne Gnassingbe who supposedly received a bounty of $612 from the local French embassy for the hit man job.

Olympio’s dream was to build an independent and self-sufficient and self-reliant country. But the French didn’t like the idea.

On June 30, 1962, Modiba Keita , the first president of the Republic of Mali, decided to withdraw from the  french colonial currency FCFA which was imposed on 12 newly independent African countries. For the Malian president, who was leaning more to a socialist economy, it was clear that colonisation continuation pact with France was a trap, a burden for the country development.

On November 19, 1968, like, Olympio, Keita will be the victim of a coup carried out by another ex French Foreign legionnaire, the Lieutenant Moussa Traoré.

In fact during that turbulent period of African fighting to liberate themselves from European colonization, France would repeatedly use many ex Foreign legionnaires to carry out coups against elected presidents:

  • - On January 1st, 1966, Jean-Bédel Bokassa, an ex french foreign legionnaire, carried a coup against David Dacko, the first President of the Central African Republic.
  • - On January 3, 1966, Maurice Yaméogo, the first President of the Republic of Upper Volta, now called Burkina Faso, was victim of a coup carried by Aboubacar Sangoulé Lamizana, an ex French legionnaire who fought with french troops in Indonesia and Algeria against these countries independence.
  • - on 26 October 1972, Mathieu Kérékou who was a security guard to President Hubert Maga, the first President of the Republic of Benin, carried a coup against the president, after he attended French military schools from 1968 to 1970.

In fact, during the last 50 years, a total of 67 coups happened in 26 countries in Africa, 16 of those countries are french ex-colonies, which means 61% of the coups happened in Francophone Africa.

Number of Coups in Africa by country

Ex French colonies  Other African countries
Country  Number of coup Country number of coup
Togo 1 Egypte 1
Tunisia 1 Libye 1
Cote d’Ivoire 1 Equatorial Guinea 1
Madagascar 1 Guinea Bissau 2
Rwanda 1 Liberia 2
Algeria 2 Nigeria 3
Congo – RDC 2 Ethiopia 3
Mali 2 Ouganda 4
Guinea Conakry 2 Soudan 5
Congo 3
Tchad 3
Burundi 4
Central Africa 4
Niger 4
Mauritania 4
Burkina Faso 5
Comores 5
TOTAL (1 + 2) 45 TOTAL 22

As these numbers demonstrate, France is quite desperate but active to keep a strong hold on his colonies what ever the cost, no matter what.

In March 2008, former French President Jacques Chirac said:

“Without Africa, France will slide down into the rank of a third [world] power”

Chirac’s predecessor François Mitterand already prophesied in 1957 that:

 ”Without Africa, France will have no history in the 21st century”

At this very moment I’m writing this article, 14 african countries are obliged by France, trough a colonial pact, to put 85% of their foreign reserve into France central bank under French minister of Finance control. Until now, 2014, Togo and about 13 other african countries still have to pay colonial debt to France. African leaders who refuse are killed or victim of coup. Those who obey are supported and rewarded by France with lavish lifestyle while their people endure extreme poverty, and desperation.

It’s such an evil system even denounced by the European Union, but France is not ready to move from that colonial system which puts about 500 billions dollars from Africa to its treasury year in year out.

We often accuse African leaders of corruption and serving western nations interests instead, but there is a clear explanation for that behavior. They behave so because they are afraid the be killed or victim of a coup. They want a powerful nation to back them in case of aggression or trouble. But, contrary to a friendly nation protection, the western protection is often offered in exchange of these leaders renouncing to serve their own people or nations’ interests.

African leaders would work in the interest of their people if they were not constantly stalked and bullied by colonial countries.

In 1958, scared about the consequence of choosing independence from France, Leopold Sédar Senghor declared: “The choice of the Senegalese people is independence; they want it to take place only in friendship with France, not in dispute.”

From then on France accepted only an “independence on paper” for his colonies, but signed binding “Cooperation Accords”, detailing the nature of their relations with France, in particular ties to France colonial currency (the Franc), France educational system, military and commercial preferences.

Below are the 11 main components of the Colonisation continuation pact since 1950s:


#1.  Colonial Debt for the benefits of France colonization

The newly “independent” countries  should pay for the infrastructure built by France in the country during colonization.

I still have to find out the complete details about the amounts, the evaluation of the colonial benefits and the terms of payment imposed on the african countries, but we are working on that (help us with info).


#2. Automatic confiscation of national reserves

The African countries should deposit their national monetary reserves into France Central bank.

France has been holding the national reserves of fourteen african countries since 1961: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

“The monetary policy governing such a diverse aggregation of countries is uncomplicated because it is, in fact, operated by the French Treasury, without reference to the central fiscal authorities of any of the WAEMU or the CEMAC. Under the terms of the agreement which set up these banks and the CFA the Central Bank of each African country is obliged to keep at least 65% of its foreign exchange reserves in an “operations account” held at the French Treasury, as well as another 20% to cover financial liabilities.

The CFA central banks also impose a cap on credit extended to each member country equivalent to 20% of that country’s public revenue in the preceding year. Even though the BEAC and the BCEAO have an overdraft facility with the French Treasury, the drawdowns on those overdraft facilities are subject to the consent of the French Treasury. The final say is that of the French Treasury which has invested the foreign reserves of the African countries in its own name on the Paris Bourse.

In short, more than 80% of the foreign reserves of these African countries are deposited in the “operations accounts” controlled by the French Treasury. The two CFA banks are African in name, but have no monetary policies of their own. The countries themselves do not know, nor are they told, how much of the pool of foreign reserves held by the French Treasury belongs to them as a group or individually.

The earnings of the investment of these funds in the French Treasury pool are supposed to be added to the pool but no accounting is given to either the banks or the countries of the details of any such changes. The limited group of high officials in the French Treasury who have knowledge of the amounts in the “operations accounts”, where these funds are invested; whether there is a profit on these investments; are prohibited from disclosing any of this information to the CFA banks or the central banks of the African states .” Wrote Dr. Gary K. Busch

It’s now estimated that France is holding close to 500 billions African countries money in its treasury, and would do anything to fight anyone who want to shed a light on this dark side of the old empire.

The African countries don’t have access to that money.

France allows them to access only 15% of the money in any given year. If they need more than that, they have to borrow the extra money from their own 65% from the French Treasury at commercial rates.

To make things more tragic, France impose a cap on the amount of money the countries could borrow from the reserve. The cap is fixed at 20% of their public revenue in the preceding year. If the countries need to borrow more than 20% of their own money, France has a veto.

Former French President Jacques Chirac recently spoke about the African nations money in France banks. Here is a video of  him speaking about the french exploitation scheme. He is speaking in French, but here is a short excerpt transcript: “We have to be honest, and acknowledge that a big part of the money in our banks come precisely from the exploitation of the African continent.”

#3.  Right of first refusal on any raw or natural resource discovered in the country

France has the first right to buy any natural resources found in the land of its ex-colonies. It’s only after France would say, “I’m not interested”, that the African countries are allowed to seek other partners.


#4. Priority to French interests and companies in public procurement and public biding

In the award of government contracts, French companies must be considered first, and only after that these countries  could look elsewhere. It doesn’t matter if the african countries can obtain better value for money elsewhere.

As consequence, in many of the french ex-colonies, all the majors economical assets of the countries are in the hand of french expatriates. In Côte d’Ivoire, for example, french companies own and control all the major utilities – water, electricity, telephone, transport, ports and major banks. The same in commerce, construction, and agriculture.

In the end, as I’ve written in a previous article, Africans now Live On A Continent Owned by Europeans!


#5. Exclusive right to supply military equipment and Train the country military officers

Through a sophisticated scheme of scholarships, grants, and “Defense Agreements” attached to the Colonial Pact, the africans should send their senior military officers for training in France or French ran-training facilities.

The situation on the continent now is that France has trained hundreds, even thousands of traitors and nourish them. They are dormant when they are not needed, and activated when needed for a coup or any other purpose!


#6. Right for France to pre-deploy troops and  intervene military in the country to defend its interests

Under something called “Defence Agreements” attached to the Colonial Pact, France had the legal right to intervene militarily in the African countries, and also to station troops permanently in bases and military facilities in those
countries, run entirely by the French.

French military bases in Africa


When President Laurent Gbagbo of Côte d’Ivoire tried to end the French exploitation of the country, France organized a coup. During the long process to oust Gbagbo, France tanks, helicopter gunships and Special Forces intervened directly in the conflit, fired on civilians and killed many.

To add insult to injury, France estimated that the French business community had lost several millions of dollars when in the rush to leave Abidjan in 2006 the French Army massacred 65 unarmed civilians and wounded 1,200 others.

After France succeeded the coup, and transferred power to Alassane Outtara, France requested Ouattara government to pay compensation to French business community for the losses during the civil war.

Indeed the Ouattara government paid them twice what they said they had lost in leaving.


#7. Obligation to make French the official language of the country and the language for education

Oui, Monsieur. Vous devez parlez français, la langue de Molière!

A French language and culture dissemination organization has been created called “Francophonie” with several satellites and affiliates organizations supervised by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs.

As demonstrated in this article, if French is the only language you speak, you’d have access to less than 4% of humanity knowledge and ideas. That’s very limiting.


#8. Obligation to use France colonial money FCFA

That’s the real milk cow for France, but it’s such an evil system even denounced by the European Union, but France is not ready to move from that colonial system which puts about 500 billions dollars from Africa to its treasury.

During the introduction of Euro currency in Europe, other european countries discovered the french exploitation  scheme. Many, specially the nordic countries, were appalled and suggested France get rid of the system, but unsuccessfully.


#9.  Obligation to send France annual balance and reserve report.

Without the report, no money.

Anyway the secretary of the Central banks of the ex-colonies, and the secretary of the bi-annual meeting of the Ministers of Finance of the ex-colonies is carried out by France Central bank / Treasury.


#10. Renonciation to enter into military alliance with any other country unless authorized by France

African countries in general are the ones with will less regional military alliances. Most of the countries have only military alliances with their ex-colonisers! (funny, but you can’t do better!).

In the case France ex-colonies, France forbid them to seek other military alliance except the one it offered them.


#11. Obligation to ally with France in situation of war or global crisis

Over one million africans soldiers fought for the defeat of nazism and fascism during the second world war.

Their contribution is often ignored or minimized, but when you think that it took only 6 weeks for Germany to defeat France in 1940, France knows that Africans could be useful for fighting for la “Grandeur de la France” in the future.

There is something almost psychopathic in the relation of France with Africa.

First,  France is severely addicted to looting and exploitation of Africa  since the time of slavery. Then there is this complete lack of creativity and imagination of french elite to think beyond the past and tradition.

Finally, France has 2 institutions which are completely frozen into the past, inhabited by paranoid and psychopath “haut fonctionnaires” who spread fear of apocalypse if France would change, and whose ideological reference still comes from the 19th century romanticism: they are the Minister of Finance and Budget of France and the Minister of Foreign affairs of France.

These 2 institutions are not only a threat to Africa, but to the French themselves.

It’s up to us as African to free ourselves, without asking for permission, because I still can’t understand for example how 450 french soldiers in Côte d’Ivoire could control a population of 20 millions people!? 

People first reaction when they learn about the french colonial tax is often a question: “Until when?”

For historical comparison, France made Haiti to pay the modern equivalent of $21 billion from 1804 till 1947 (almost one century and half) for the losses caused to french slave traders by the abolition of slavery and the liberation of the Haitian slaves.

African countries are paying the colonial tax only for the last 50 years, so I think one century of payment might be left!

Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

About Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

Mawuna Koutonin is a world peace activist who relentlessly works to empower people to express their full potential and pursue their dreams, regardless of their background. He is the Editior of SiliconAfrica.com, Founder of Goodbuzz.net, and Social activist for Africa Renaissance. Koutonin’s ultimate dream is to open a world-class human potential development school in Africa in 2017. If you are interested in learning more about this venture or Koutonin’s other projects, you can reach him directly by emailing at mk@linkcrafter.com.

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111 Responses to “14 African Countries Forced by France to Pay Colonial Tax For the Benefits of Slavery and Colonization”

  1. Crew Yew

    Yet another excellent piece! Extremely enlightening, well researched presentation of facts with eloquence and objectivity.

  2. Wanaku

    We cannot blame the French for ALL our problems. We have to look at ourselves and ask a simple question: Where do we come from and where are we going?
    Without an answer to this question we can complain all we want, the French are going to do what they want, and we will not do anything to stop it. Why? Because the French have answered the simple question above. Boom!

  3. Afo A Kom

    We cannot blame the French for ALL our problems. We have to look at ourselves and ask a simple question: Where do we come from and where are we going?
    Without an answer to this question we can complain all we want, the French are going to do what they want, and we will not do anything to stop it. Why? Because the French have answered the simple question above. Boom!

  4. Sherlock C Sampson

    The power to turn this situation is a battle which must commence now by Africans for Africans; so far Cuba is the only country which physically took part in our liberation struggle. This is a forever revolution.

  5. Taharqa

    If possible will you allow a translation of this text, … in french ?

    Very good Job.


  6. Ayo Ogundimu

    I am stunned by this piece, that France can virtually hold African countries to Ransom till today.We must empower ourselves.The saying divided we fall, together we stand is so true.Africa wake up, this has to be countered intelligently.

  7. Sandrita Bonga

    It is amazing how these are the facts that I was taught back home in the Ivory Coast, but the rest of the world is blinded to them. France exploits us with nothing in return but poverty and civil wars fueled by them to keep us busy while they rob us backstage. We need to join forces and stop thinking abt our self benefit. There are too many of us to not succeed. They have guns, we can get guns to. Plus we receive the same education they do so we are as smart as they are.
    This is a very educative piece of work and should be posted everywhere on the web. Great job

  8. Question

    Can you provide ANY proof, in terms of legal documents, or periodicals from the era of decolonization, of any of these claims? Or can you find a transcript or video, or even recording, of those quotes by Chirac?

  9. fghhf

    Africans who illegally get into first world countries commit the majority of crimes and use up welfare funds of citizens so the slave tax even things out.

  10. Dean

    As evil as France’s actions are, what’s worse to me is the apparent willingness of Africans to kill other Africans. I don’t care how much money is being offered (even though $612 should be a national embarrassment), simply by believing and practicing a THOU SHALT NOT KILL edict they could starve out the French (if need be) and take back their countries. France cannot and will not send their own troops to enforce their colonization in these countries.

  11. Sheena Beena

    This piece isn't blaming France for all their problems but pointing out a wrong the MUST be corrected. How can a African country prosper if their funds and resources are going to support another country.

  12. Mawuna R. Koutonin

    All pieces of information in the article are facts. Anyone familiar with France actions in Africa could easily confirm those facts. Or anyone here curious enough could ask any African they would met a next time for confirmation (specially if they come from an ex-french colony).

    Now the author might lack a Snowden access to the secret archives of France to prove better his case, but it's not because the doctor can't find the source of the disease that the patient is not sick or suffering. People familiar with the case might be able to speak about what they know, but would be denied access to signed documents.

    Why France won"t publish those documents to deny the facts?

    1. De Gaule used extensively the legionnaire for its colonial actions. if they tried to kill him, it's because they know this man was personification of Devil.

    2. yes, the network of ex-legionnaires or ex-trainees of France army are highly involved in carrying the colonial actions of France in Africa. That's continue till today. More of the troops sent to Africa for French actions are from the French Foreign Legion (easy to confirm that)

    There is no falsehood here.

    Yes, Chirac said without Africa, France will become a third world power. He even recently spoke about all the African money in France banks.

    Here is the video with him speaking about that): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OzPITL1WLY0
    (he is speaking in French, but here is a short excerpt transcript: "We have to be honest, and acknowledge that a big part of the money in our banks come precisely from the exploitation of the African continent".)

    I don't know what is the intention of the previous commentator, but he seem to be motivated by defending France (by all means, and by calling names) than really going to the facts, and checking the reality.

    Now, regarding what France did in Guinea by destroying the country infrastructure because Guinea chose to become independent is by itself a proof that France wanted the African to pay for the benefits of colonisaton.

    Finally, Did you know that France made Haiti to pay a huge debt to France from 1804 till 1947 (almost 1 century and half) for the loss caused to French slaves traders.

    It's a French tradition.

  13. Mocha

    Great research piece and story. But please tighten up or your grammar and spelling to increase your penmanship and credibility. English may not be your first language, but get someone else to edit your pieces before publication.

  14. Yenyo Yao Sedzro

    They tell me I should be proud to be African but at the end of the day I look at my continent and regret being born. We as a continent seriously got to unite and solve these problems or else we will perish as lone wolves in the wild.

    • Steven

      This is a tragic history, however the truth is much darker. Most of the world is enslaved to the monetary system. It is often difficult for people to look past what seems so obvious to the true source of the problem. Africa absolutely needs to transition, but to what? Another system that uses money and has the same inherent corrupt incentives? Or perhaps to something better, a Resource Based Economy. We no longer need government. All our problems are technical and can be solved using science. A country without a direction towards something sustainable will just become slaves of another bank. Spend some time researching The Venus Project to learn about a better system. http://www.thevenusproject.com or their documentary https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KphWsnhZ4Ag

  15. Bayano Ali

    Where we come from? Where are we going? What kind of stupid ass question is that?

  16. tabe

    Inspiring story. Now I say that is why the President of Zimbabwe is aggressively against these colonialists. They thrive at Africa’s expense. Indeed wake up Africa

  17. Kay Martin Mucheleka

    The problem is the type of leaders you have, indeed France is still reaping off Africa and in the case of Ivory Coast, they have their puppet there and for as long as the majority people do not have this information about France's business in Africa, it is wishful thinking to even think this will end some day!

  18. Jaleb Clovis

    The DRC and Burundi were not French colonies, even though they are french speaking countries.

  19. Virgo Shiman

    Great, eyeopening article, though the content is not new really! For other sources on the issue, I refer you to the 2011 book published by Ndikumana, Leonce, and James Boyce: Africa's odious debts: How foreign loans and capital bled a continent. Here is a link to a video blurb:


    The major problem that many people might quite recognize is the linguistic colonization. These people who coduct coups do so partially because they have lost their ability to think like Africans and let themselves be manipulated by the thinking patterns of the French. Clearly, African politicians have been brainwashed to a point that they cannot out think the ex- & colonial-masters. Very sad! That is the fight I have joined — the right for African people and children to develop and promote knowledge in our own languages like other countries in Asia and Europe!

  20. Prof. Joggy

    How will you describe Africa?
    Africa is a nation of humans who live under rocks by day, where their only wealth is the dirt on their naked body’s. At dusk and dawn they dig up roots and eat them. A mud pools they get on all fours like animals and slurp MUD-WATER.

    Africa is what we in business call a ‘LAB’, most of the fascism in the world and the police state business has been going on there for 30+ years. It is an IMF Laboratory for micropayment settlement; UNICEF Laboratory for diseases test (polio, HIV…); UN Laboratory for war & weapon test e.t.c..

    Africa is the rising middle east.

  21. Eku Sika

    This is just crazy ! what? our leaders are to be blame for all this . Is so SAD, n yet they say Africa is poor. Interesting!

  22. charbel

    young people ought know the importance of they voice when they vote… the type of leaders is the consequence of our act

  23. James Akil Jennings

    With knowledge, all things are possible. So African Nations need to take France to the World court and be paid for slavery and exploitation as this practice continues today. They don't belong in Africa, kick'um all out.

  24. Lay doma

    Je vous remercie d’avoir ecrit cet article. La France veut garder ses colonies et les africains ne sont pas conscients qu’ils sont encore colonises. D’ou les coups d’etat et la sortie forcee ou truquee de la democratie pour asseoir ce pouvoir de la France dans les gouvernements africains. Les actions doivent etre faite au niveau des Nations unies et union africaine par les africains eux meme. Mais malheureusement les africains vendent leur patrie au service de la france. Ceux qui ne l’acceptent pas disparaissent du paysage politique (on peut citer beaucoup d’exemple. Le dernier est Marc Ravalomanana de Madagascar.

  25. Clod

    Signons des petitions et trainons la France devant la Court Europeen de Justice. Faisons du bruit, fracas, ils seront obligés de nous ecouter et commencer à se demander qu’est ce que tous ces africains veulent et si de quelque part ils avait raison? Eh bien oui, nous avons raison de nous facher, enrager. La revolution ne commence pas toujours par la masse, très souvent c’est à partir d’une seule personne! Voyons Nelson Mandela, Mohamed Bouazizi.

  26. Mabilo Koutou

    Mawuna R. Koutonin Signons des petitions et trainons la France devant la Court Europeen de Justice. Faisons du bruit, fracas, ils seront obligés de nous ecouter et commencer à se demander qu’est ce que tous ces africains veulent et si de quelque part ils avait raison? Eh bien oui, nous avons raison de nous facher, enrager. La revolution ne commence pas toujours par la masse, très souvent c’est à partir d’une seule personne! Voyons Nelson Mandela, Mohamed Bouazizi.

  27. Evans

    This is the reason why Robert Mugabe said to Hell with the West.
    How does France expect to be paid for the infrastructure they developed. Did we ask them to give us back the diamonds they stole from us. Why were they in our countries in the first place?? Did they pay rent for living in our countries?? Wake Up Africa!!

  28. Evans T. Kanoz

    Our fore-fathers fought for the right to vote. Its now our time to fight for Economic Freedom. Nelson Mandela once said "No sacrifice was too great in the struggle for freedom" It entails that even us today we should do our part to free ourselves from economic slavery lest our children spit on our names for not giving them a better future. Wake Up Africa!

  29. Evans T. Kanoz

    Bénito your colour should remind you that you are still African don't think if you are chauffeuring with a bentley then you are like them. Be proud to be African and stop your bullshit talk.

  30. Bénito Junior

    Wowo calm down Guys, relax. You didn't unterstand me , i just wanted to say that im proud to be guinean and we, Guinea, are not paying any kind of colonial tax to that stupid french people. I know other countrie are still paying like ivory cost…

  31. ገንብሬ ገላውድዮስ

    Or even worse we may follow the footsteps of the Native Indians of North America and become Native Africans and live in conservations.

  32. julian

    Africa needs a new generation of leaders. Kind of leaders who didn’t get their degrees from france. Let s call out for our friends whos in the States, China, … Not for those countries to act the same but just to keep the balance (They have degree, we’re expecting them to be smart, aren t we ?). Otherwise we are the only one to blame, like our parents who abide to the french rule, too late for them to change now. They re rich enougth to pass the power to the next generation now (Sure about the first statement but not so sure about the second haha !)

  33. Babakole

    The world is global and universal and we aim rather for a universal democracy not a universal dictatorship .Should alternate in democracy be only the power of the majority on a minority changing in the power of the minority on a majority ?
    According to this framework we can emphasize the importance of an election in the process of change.When one party is speaking about massive fraud ,how can we react ? For me I want only make comments on the fraud that I am convinced happened in Madagascar .
    When I understand massive fraud, there must be an organization which put it in place and made it working, the fuel of which is mainly money. When we consider organization and place ,we can easily understand that the way of acting the fraud must be different for each country and so the way of voting; but there are surely a lot of “Watergate” (President Nixon/USA/1974) worth to be revealed in many countries.
    Madagascar as poor country and the number of poor in the world, can we say that we cannot avoid a universal dictatorship to happen in the world ? Considering the fact that international financing is supporting election in country in crises, which regime give stable costs and return ? This is where Human Center Design comes in action and gives hope ! I am convinced that by disclosing the way the fraud has been made through testimonies from the ground ,there will be a feeling of ridiculous ! Who likes to be ridiculous or feel ridiculous ,even the definition of ridiculous being different in every place ?

  34. Question

    This article proves the author is wrong about France forcing former colonies to give it money. It’s called “The Process of Monetary Decolonization in Africa”. http://archive.lib.msu.edu/DMC/African%20Journals/pdfs/Utafiti/vol4no1/aejp004001007.pdf

    It will surprise a lot of the author’s readers to know that the former colonies of France do NOT deposit in the French Central Bank. 40 years ago some did, but beginning in the late 1960′s they moved away from French rule and into they’re own banking systems. Here is a link to the Central Bank of Western African States: http://www.bceao.int/

  35. YourWrong

    This document shows that the author has NO idea what he’s talking about:


    Former French colonies do not deposit into French Banks. Many deposit into the Central Bank of West African States, which is headquartered in Dakar, Senegal. As that document shows, it is a jointly ran bank by Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. France hasn’t had an interest in it since the early 1970′s.

  36. Thethiwe(SA)

    These explain why Africa is still undeveloped, Thanks for the info,and now we understands why is it so difficult to strike a deal.

  37. Atefeh Aghaee

    The problem with the third world is that they're not stable countries in many aspects and there is often no trust between people and the government, thus little chance of empowerment remains . Otherwise, what could France do if all African countries united and stopped paying?

  38. Matthew Farnham

    If we would only stop plundering and looting Africa, Africa could and should rightfully so become one if not the richest continent on Earth. I feel ashamed that the French are continuing to rob you blind until today. I'm just thankful Britain didn't impose this sort of abomination to its own ex-colonies. Please bear in mind that in the vast majority (99%), Europeans would not back this at all if they knew it was happening. I am with you on this struggle.

    • Steven

      Unfortunately you are deceived, blinded by your patriotism. British banks have enslaved much of the world, including the entire United States. Your people have nothing to do with this criminal activity, but by learning about an alternative to the monetary system you may be able to make a better future for the rest of the planet. Please take some time to learn about a scientific solution for resource management that does not rely on governments or the monetary system, but instead science and sustainability. Learn about a resource based economy and The Venus Project.

  39. Luc

    Interesting article, but obviously lacking research or rigour. Only in the table on coups, there are several mistakes: Rwanda, DRC and Burundi were not French but Belgian colonies. There are a number of “other African countries” which don’t appear in the list, some of which have had many coups. And the number of coups mentioned are wrong for a number of countries (under-estimated, unfortunately).
    So I actually don’t know the details of other elements in the article, but it’s difficult to take it seriously, without any source, when easily verifiable facts are so obviously wrong.

  40. Jacquesinweb

    I’m a french citizen and very surprise about this informations. Could you please send me more informations, like law text that prouve that african states have to pay something to France . If i can, I’ll diffuse those informations , but I have to be sur about their Truthfulness. And I may have to prouve them myself in my explanation.
    Thank you very much for your human fight.
    write you soon.

  41. Yenyo Yao Sedzro

    King C. Asante-Yeboa Well the idea of unifying Africa has been proposed by so many of our past leaders as you probably know ..Nkrumah, Sankara, Lumumba.. etc..
    But unfortunately they all were forced out of power or some even were killed and replaced by dictators. But that dream can still be accomplished. We could do it if the entire continent demands it. The revolution has to be demanded by the people that's a fact, China is a perfect example. If we sit back and hope that the future will get better we are fooling our selves. That's why education is so important. We must put major emphasis on HISTORY in our schools so we may learn how other people that were in the same conditions in the past changed things around. But there is another problem we run into.. many of our current dictators that are in power won't allow such things to occur. It's not going to be easy many will die for the sake of liberty but it's worth it because we can change our grandchildren's history.

  42. King C. Asante-Yeboa

    The need for Africans to come together is an age old idea which has not yet worked in spite of the numerous efforts. Could you propose how this could be achieved?

  43. King C. Asante-Yeboa

    Sandrita, concerned Africans have been trying to free the continent from post colonial grip with little or no success. Take Ivory Coast for example; for every efforts made there are bunches of local traitors who callously sweep them back. And those who ever dared are brutalized. What do you think is the best way to deal with this appalling situation?

  44. King C. Asante-Yeboa

    The responses show concern. The person who allows mosquito(es) to suck his blood must accept the primary blame for his negligence. It is no secret that western countries involved in these ominous dealings use the bad ones among us who, for their greed and hunger for power, surrender the peoples' rights to the feet of their directors. However, they succeed in most part because of the peoples' own apathy, egoism, tribalism and ethnocentrism that fuel conflicts, mistrusts and divisions thus weakening them. The foreign directors and their local perpetrators take advantage of the shortcomings mentioned above to divide the people further and conquer or take whatever they need at their own dictating cost. Here is my question: Why are efforts to come out of the grips of neo-colonialism and its tentacles still not working? How can Africans overcome this?
    Finally, thanks to the author Mawuna KOUTONIN for this insightful information. I think that efforts like this should be institutionalized and funded.

  45. Thierry

    Great post! I am french speaking so I will speak in french.Je suis étonné par les remarques n°42 et n°44.En effet sur les rapports France- Afrique la presse française en a déjà parlé cf les documents de Arte et France 2 sur la Françafrique http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7afrique_%28documentaire%29.
    De nombreux auteurs français dont Pierre Péan (Affaires Africaines) ou François Xavier Verchave (Françafrique) ont abordé le sujet.Il existe en France une abondante littérature sur le sujet.A propos du franc cfa un livre:Franc cfa et euro contre l’afrique de nicolas agbohou. Toutes les thématiques abordées dans cet article sont connues et ont été rendues publiques.La chaine Vox africa a consacré 2 documentaires sur le fcfa.En reponse à la remarque n° 40 les pays de la zone franc déposent 65% de leurs avoirs auprès du trésor français.C’est un fait facilement vérifiable.

  46. Mawuna R. Koutonin

    A comment from Thierry – a french who knows about the topic

    "Great post! I am french speaking so I will speak in french.Je suis étonné par les remarques n°42 et n°44.En effet sur les rapports France- Afrique la presse française en a déjà parlé cf les documents de Arte et France 2 sur la Françafrique http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7afrique_%28documentaire%29.

    De nombreux auteurs français dont Pierre Péan (Affaires Africaines) ou François Xavier Verchave (Françafrique) ont abordé le sujet.Il existe en France une abondante littérature sur le sujet.A propos du franc cfa un livre:Franc cfa et euro contre l’afrique de nicolas agbohou.

    Toutes les thématiques abordées dans cet article sont connues et ont été rendues publiques.La chaine Vox africa a consacré 2 documentaires sur le fcfa.

    En reponse à la remarque n° 40 les pays de la zone franc déposent 65% de leurs avoirs auprès du trésor français.C’est un fait facilement vérifiable."

  47. Nadege Ade

    And now, Kadaffi is out too….; one can argue he also had the dream of a united Africa, even tho he had his own personal agenda..We are talking of education, but how can that be wholescale and prominently useful when the budget of the ministry of education probably even comes from loans, and wants to follow a "westernized method/curriculum of education". And the African union, what is their pupose in all this? I think Africans should self educate themselves, drop all complexes and be confident wherever they are.. Its a starting point… One can be educated but without the necessary self confidence and obviouly strategic unity, it will take us centuries to get out of this hole…

  48. Cyril Graux

    Hello everybody! it's a shame for my nation (France).Nobody knows this situation in Europe and when you try to tell them, they can't believe it. That was at first my reaction. We can't believe a think like that! Our Country's still exploiting states in Africa. Sure we know that our big firms suck the lifeblood out of your countries and it begin to be the same everywhere. But this Colonial Debt for the benefits of France ?! I live in the shame since I learnt the thing. So I mad a petition against this immoral dupe's pact. That's all I can do at the moment. You can sign and share it .I 'll try to translate it if I can. this is the link : http://www.petitions24.net/en_finir_avec_le_pacte_colonial_en_afrique

    Good luck for all of you! Don't give up the fight. Some people are thinking about you! May be more if they reed and share those informations.
    See you soon
    Cyril Graux

  49. Alex Matthews

    Those filthy 'FROG'S' are SCUM! What kind of people let these 'BLOODSUCKING WHITE VERMIN' exploit them this way? You AFRICAN'S will continue to be the laughing stock of the world until you END this NONSENSE! The solution is simple you 14 countries combine & END this VIILE oppression through MILITARY or POLITICAL mean's. What shall FRANCE do? Kill you all? & at what price? This is a RACE issue BLACK v WHITE, you AFRICANS have a choice STAND UP like MEN or DIE like DOG'S.

    • Quami

      It is only a race issue if we make it one. something which will be destructive for us all. Only a simple minded fool sees the world as black and white. there are many many decent white people in the wolrd and you know this to be true. it is not about black vs white it is about politicians and corporations exploiting whoever they can. yes as black people we are looked down on and seen as unintelligent and violent and we must show the world that we are just as capable as everybody else.

  50. asdfdsasa

    Whites have terrorized this planet for long enough

    Reason why all true homo sapien specie (92% of world population) should unite together and exterminate the half-neanderthal ‘caucasian’ specie (only 8% of world population)

    • Quami

      Right yes that is a great idea. Let us cause a global war that will end up killing us all off. People like you are why us Afriacans are so far behind. You live in a dream world where you do not want to face the facts. What you propose will never happen so just be quiet. Take your nazi agenda someplace else we are trying to be constructive here. As africans we must reclaim our nations through intelligent and peaceful process. Show the world we are not ignorant barbarians they think we are and that we can achieve something

  51. Mawuna R. Koutonin

    Merci Cyril pour l'initiative, et merci pour ton soutien aux peuples africains.
    Je suis en train d'envoyer des messages à mes amis en France pour les inciter à rejoindre la pétition.

  52. BaDo


    Seeing how the half-neanderthals have been dominating earth for a decent time now, maybe it is they who deserve to own the world. If you are looking at things the way you suggest it, they are obviously superior to the rest.

    But if you look at reality instead, on Earth only the African population is (mostly) purely Homo sapiens, while both Europeans, Asians and native Americans have significant amounts of Neanderthal and Denisovan genes. Looking at the current state of Africa, this really does not reflect well on the abilities of “pure” Homo sapiens people.

    Your numbers are also wrong, as Caucasian people are at least about 1 billion (700 million in Europe, 300 or so in North America) which is 14%, not 8%. About the same as Africans. And this doesn’t take into account the large numbers of Asian people who are nowhere near “true Homo sapiens”, and who outnumber both Caucasians and Africans by a good margin.

    Your post is just nonsense.

  53. Moussa Traore

    merci cyril fier et honore par ce acte courageux quoique temeraire vis avis de ton pays..merci pour la petition tout en ayant l espoir que ca aboutisse a quelque chose ;je suis en cote d ivoire et j aimerais avoir de plus a mple information sur l initiative MERCI BCP

  54. Quami

    My people listen to me. I ambout to say something which will make many of you very upset but i beg you to listen and then do your own research. We live on a continent whihc is rich in raw materials and resources. our nations should be among the richest in the world but instead they are the poorest. We allow ourselves to be exploited by foreign governments and corporations while our own politicians take bribes and keep us ignorant. there are many reasons for this but one culprit is holding us back in a way that we do not realise and it is religion. religion has us killing each other over nothing and keeps us ignorant. while the rest of the world develops more and more we stagnate and keep throwing ourselves into the dark ages. Illness and disease spreads across africa because religious leaders tell us not to use condoms, we are overpopulated and cannot feed ourselves because religious leaders tell us not to use contraceptives. our children do not learn and are kept ignorant while we kill each other for believing in the “wrong” religion. we obsess over things such as homosexulaity rather than education and technological progress. religion is used to exploit us and keep us down because it keeps us ignorant, it stifles progress the leaders of other countries can see this. we need to realise that religion is not a force for good it is a tool invented by man to keep the masses from questioning the world and it works too well. it is time to awaken from this spell and better ourselves so our children can live in a better world

  55. Lapiro Dmbanga

    Black people are behaving as if they love jesus more than those who brought them jesus Christianity or they were the one who crucified jesus. you say hi to a black on facebook a black will reply na god as if he or she doesn't hv the right to live hahaha

  56. Sherma Charles

    How many African countries still have this arrangement with Frence? My gosh, I thought it was only Haiti they forced to pay a Hugh sum of money to them after successfully fighting for their independence.

  57. Sherma Charles

    African citizens need to demonstrate on the streets to have this act of terrorism by France ended. We have to get out of the mind set that it's only the government leaders that can solve our problems. The civilians will be much more effective.

  58. King Alloy

    Wow! I am dumb founded, guys. France? Why won't they kill Gaddafi? It's now making sense why they killed him. Gosh?

  59. Patrick Okobia

    It is beyond guns and bullets to free Ivory Coast…It is by educating every citizen on what is going on first and eliminating the traitors in your mist,because they will be the willing tools for enemy to come into your life, then you bring in friends in same European front where they are operating like the Nordic nations then finally you confront your exploiters in EUROPEAN INSTITUTION….with the help of Nordic nations and institution like EU, you make your case. To make it easier, Ivory coast should form coalition with other African nation in same predicament.

  60. Gebre Selassie

    Sandrita Bongo and other.., Yes the world knows such a brutal exploitation with the help of corrupted African politicians. But who cares as long as they world of looters are benefiting from France. It is only we African can fight for our rights. No one else. So take initiatives to stop exploitation and free the continent.

  61. Paulos

    Sandrita Bongo and other.., Yes the world knows such a brutal exploitation with the help of corrupted African politicians. But who cares as long as they world of looters are benefiting from France. It is only we African can fight for our rights. No one else. So take initiatives to stop exploitation and free the continent.

  62. Nzingha Shabaka

    I believe the french (spell will a small letter) are the worse of the worse European people. Look what they did to Haite, and their general Toussaint L'Overture, after loosing the war, France had Haiti to pay them retribution for the African slaves who went free, after the war. Haiti did not pay the debt off for one hundred years. We back up, they invited our General Toussaint L'Overture to france talking about a treaty, once he got to france, they arrested him, placed him in a building on a hill over-looking the city, they starved him to death. That is how our great general Toussaint L'Overture died. Please don't think these racist do not have to pay for this, obviously, they think they don't. And the idea that Africa is so rich, and we see our people starving to death, no running water, no electricity, why they live off Africa. Is the world looking? Sure they are, and they do not care, including the blacks. Wake up African people, get these thieves out out of our land. If it were not for these Europeans, and Jews, Africa would be the most progressive continent on the planet. They have been leaching/sucking the blood of African people, since the day they set foot in Africa, over 500 years ago. By the way, what they are doing with many of the black leaders, is the same thing they did when they first came to Africa, and then they say, our people sold us into slavery. Damn lie, they were tricked, killed, or enslaved themselves, if they did not cooporate. They do it to the leaders today. Patrice Lumumba, of Congo, is a good example, they over killed ou brother there.

  63. Kamerchief

    the presidents of these 14 African countries are such goofballs! a solid and concerted petition from them to the UN alongside a wave of unrelenting protests, strikes in all these countries will end this nonsense.We can ask for military support from brazil, russia, china and other anti-western regimes if France wants to go the hard way…i rather bleed to death than see this shit continue.if we don’t act the continent will always remain what it is.let’s honor the memories of our ancestors and pass a legacy of prosperity to future generations!!!

  64. buerkie Gail

    hmmmm, chaley in this 21st century……………… OMG, LIKE SERIOUSLY. HOW THEN DO WE DEVELOP. THANKS FOR YOUR INFO

  65. JSobieski

    “It’s such an evil system even denounced by the European Union, but France is not ready to move from that colonial system which puts about 500 billions dollars from Africa to its treasury year in year out.”

    The sentence above from the article is clearly beyond false, it is literally impossible. If you added the GDPs of France’s former African colonies, they wouldn’t add up to $500B US.

  66. Chris Falkowski

    “It’s such an evil system even denounced by the European Union, but France is not ready to move from that colonial system which puts about 500 billions dollars from Africa to its treasury year in year out.”

    The sentence above that is copied and pasted from the article is clearly beyond false. It is literally impossible. If you added the annual GDPs of France’s former African colonies, they wouldn’t add up to $500B US. It is literally impossible for France to remove $500 billion dollars from its former colonies each year.

  67. Anonymous

    The problem of course is not France.
    Its OK to feel sorry for a slave who against his or her will is compelled into slavery by force of arms
    However, I don't know why anyone should feel sorry for those who seem to enjoy slavery or for slaves who don't want their freedom. It may be harsh to say, but when you willingly (and the operative word here is willingly )accept to be a slave, you give up your right to be called human. I don't feel sorry for the "Francophones". They are proud of their slavery.

    As far as I'm concerned if a person has it within their power to fight for their freedom , if a person refuses to walk out of a prison even when the door is open, then that person deserves to be wiped off the face of the earth. Thus the Francophone countries who willingly maintain themselves in a state of slavery should PERISH

  68. Ambrose Abejide Olowo

    I have always believed many African nations are not truly indepedent particularly the francophone countries. So sad the so called developed world pay lips Service to war against corruption when they in fact fuel it

  69. Anton EGreat

    Cyril, avant de cracher sur ton pays, renseigne toi. Cet article est biaisé et partisan. Cousu de marxisme idéologique, sans sources vérifiables. J'ai été en Afrique et ça n'est pas la réalité. J'ai étudié l'histoire et ça n'est pas non plus la réalité. Qu'il y ait eu des profits faits et une exploitation par une partie des européens est un fait. Cela ne doit pas occulter le fait que la colonisation française a essentiellement été une perte d'argent pour elle; des investissements colossaux qui demeurent encore dans la majorité des pays. Les africains ne s'en sortirons pas en crachant sur la France. Heureusement je connais beaucoup d'africains qui ont une vision un peu plus objectives .

    • Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN Mawuna Remarque KOUTONIN

      @Anton “J’ai été en Afrique, et ce n’est pas la réalité”!? voilà ta preuve que cet article n’est pas objectif?

      Dans quelle Afrique tu as été? (Pour info l’Afrique c’est 3 fois la taille de toute l’Europe. Là, On reprend, qu’en sais-tu vraiment de l’Afrique?)

  70. Steven

    Please consider researching and advocating for a resource based economy to help Africa transition out of this nightmare. The entire world is in servitude due to the monetary system. It is just as bad in the United States, although we have a lot more propaganda and junk to distract our population, we are still being poisoned and forced into wage-slavery. The issues are the monetary system. The banks own the entire world. Only by transitioning to a sustainable system can any country hope to gain its true independence. Start with the documentary Paradise or Oblivion and please contact me with any questions. I am here to help. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KphWsnhZ4Ag


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